Site specific design optimization of a horizontal axis wind turbine based on minimum cost of energy

Sağol, Ece
This thesis introduces a design optimization methodology that is based on minimizing the Cost of Energy (COE) of a Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine (HAWT) that is to be operated at a specific wind site. In the design methodology for the calculation of the Cost of Energy, the Annual Energy Production (AEP) model to calculate the total energy generated by a unit wind turbine throughout a year and the total cost of that turbine are used. The AEP is calculated using the Blade Element Momentum (BEM) theory for wind turbine power and the Weibull distribution for the wind speed characteristics of selected wind sites. For the blade profile sections, either the S809 airfoil profile for all spanwise locations is used or NREL S-series airfoil families, which have different airfoil profiles for different spanwise sections, are used,. Lift and drag coefficients of these airfoils are obtained by performing computational fluid dynamics analyses. In sample design optimization studies, three different wind sites that have different wind speed characteristics are selected. Three scenarios are generated to present the effect of the airfoil shape as well as the turbine power. For each scenario, design optimizations of the reference wind turbines for the selected wind sites are performed the Cost of Energy and Annual Energy Production values are compared.


Aerodynamic design and optimization of horizontal axis wind turbines by using bem theory and genetic algorithm
Ceyhan, Özlem; Tuncer, İsmail Hakkı; Department of Aerospace Engineering (2008)
An aerodynamic design and optimization tool for wind turbines is developed by using both Blade Element Momentum (BEM) Theory and Genetic Algorithm. Turbine blades are optimized for the maximum power production for a given wind speed, a rotational speed, a number of blades and a blade radius. The optimization variables are taken as a fixed number of sectional airfoil profiles, chord lengths, and twist angles along the blade span. The airfoil profiles and their aerodynamic data are taken from an airfoil datab...
Aerothermodynamic modeling and simulation of gas turbines for transient operating conditions
Koçer, Gülru; Uzol, Oğuz; Department of Aerospace Engineering (2008)
In this thesis, development of a generic transient aero-thermal gas turbine model is presented. A simulation code, gtSIM is developed based on an algorithm which is composed of a set of differential equations and a set of non-linear algebraic equations representing each gas turbine engine component. These equations are the governing equations which represents the aero-thermodynamic process of the each engine component and they are solved according to a specific solving sequence which is defined in the simul...
Panel-Method-Based Path Planning and Collaborative Target Tracking for Swarming Micro Air Vehicles
Uzol, Oğuz; Yavrucuk, İlkay (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), 2010-03-01)
This paper presents an application of the potential field panel method commonly used in aerodynamics analysis to obtain streamlinelike trajectories and use them for path planning and collaborative target tracking for swarming micro air vehicles in an urban environment filled with complex shaped buildings and other architectural structures. In addition, we introduce a performance matching technique that relates the flu id velocities, which are obtained as a part of the panel method solution, to vehicle veloc...
Near-surface topology of unmanned combat air vehicle planform: Reynolds number dependence
Elkhoury, M; Yavuz, Mehmet Metin; Rockwell, D (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), 2005-09-01)
The Reynolds number dependence of the near-surface flow structure and topology on a representative unmanned combat air vehicle planform is characterized using a technique of high-image-density particle image velocimetry, to complement classical dye visualization. Patterns of streamline topology, including bifurcation lines, as well as contours of streamwise and transverse velocity, surface-normal vorticity, and Reynolds stress correlation, all immediately adjacent to the surface of the planform, provide qua...
Time-domain calculation of sound propagation in lined ducts with sheared flows
Özyörük, Yusuf (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), 2000-05-01)
A recent application of the time-domain equivalent of the classical acoustic impedance condition, i.e., the particle displacement continuity equation, to numerical simulations of a Bow-impedance tube in the time domain yielded reasonably good results with uniform mean flows. The present paper extends this application to include sheared mean-flow effects on sound propagation over acoustically treated walls. To assess the prediction improvements with sheared flows, especially at relatively high Mach numbers, ...
Citation Formats
E. Sağol, “Site specific design optimization of a horizontal axis wind turbine based on minimum cost of energy,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2010.