Behaviour of pile groups under lateral loads

Ercan, Anıl
To investigate the lateral load distribution of each pile in a pile group, the bending moment distribution along the pile and the lateral group displacements with respect to pile location in the group, pile spacing, pile diameter and soil stiffness three dimensional finite element analysis were performed on 4x4 pile groups in clay. Different Elatic Modulus values, pile spacings, pile diameters and lateral load levels used in this study. In the analysis PLAXIS 3D Foundation geotechnical finite element package was used. It is found that, lateral load distribution among the piles was mainly a function of row location in the group independent from pile spacing. For a given load the leading row piles carried the greatest load. However, the trailing row piles carried almost the same loads. For a given load, bending moment values of the leading row piles were greater than the trailing row piles. On the other hand, as the spacing increased group displacements and individual pile loads decreased under the same applied load. However, this behavior was seen more clearly in the first and the second row piles. For the third and the fourth row piles, pile spacing became a less significant factor affecting the load distribution. It is also found that, pile diameter and soil stiffness are not significant factors on lateral load distribution as row location and pile spacing.


A comparison of two dimensional and three dimensional finite element analysis for settlement behavior of piled raft foundations
Kaltakcı, Volkan; Özkan, M. Yener; Department of Civil Engineering (2009)
In this study, the settlement behavior of the piled raft foundations resting on overconsolidated clays under uniform loading, is investigated for different pile configurations and load levels. A total of 100 plane strain and three dimensional finite element analyses are carried out and the results of these analyses are compared both with each other and with the results presented by Reul & Randolph (2004). The material parameters used in the analysis are selected mainly referring to the previous studies ci...
Effect of shear walls on the behavior of reinforced concrete buildings under earthquake loading
Çömlekoğlu, Hakkı Gürhan; Burak Bakır, Burcu; Department of Civil Engineering (2009)
An analytical study was performed to evaluate the effect of shear wall ratio on the dynamic behavior of mid-rise reinforced concrete structures. The primary aim of this study is to examine the influence of shear wall area to floor area ratio on the dynamic performance of a building. Besides, the effect of shear wall configuration and area of existing columns on the seismic performance of the buildings were also investigated. For this purpose, twenty four mid-rise building models that have five and eight sto...
A study on the effect of pipe - soil relative stiffness on the behaviour of buried flexible pipes
Bircan, Mehmet; Özkan, M. Yener; Department of Civil Engineering (2010)
In this study, the effect of pipe-soil relative stiffness on the behaviour of buried flexible pipes was investigated considering the pipe size, material type, stiffness, pipe-soil and natural soil-backfill interfaces and geometry of the trench using the finite element method. For this purpose, a parametric study was conducted to examine the effect of different variables on the resulting earth loads and deformations imposed on the buried pipes. Various types of trench pipe-soil cases were analysed for a cert...
ELMEZAINI, N; CITIPITIOGLU, E (American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 1991-10-01)
A practical and powerful technique for the discrete representation of reinforcement in finite element analysis of prestressed and reinforced concrete structures is presented. Isoparametric quadratic and cubic finite elements with movable nodes are developed utilizing a correction technique for mapping distortion. Reinforcing bars and/or prestressing tendons are modeled independently of the concrete mesh. Perfect or no bond as well as any bond-slip model can easily be represented. The procedure is succes...
Evaluation of cement mortars by ultrasound
Paksoy, Nesibe Gözde; Yaman, İsmail Özgür; Department of Civil Engineering (2006)
Ultrasonic testing of concrete is often used for the assessment of its uniformity, strength, modulus of elasticity, durability and etc. therefore, the related parameters of testing such as the transducer frequency, the specimen geometry and etc. are well-known. On the other hand, most of the concrete properties are affected by the cement and the mechanical as well as some durability properties of cements are determined through cement mortars. Applications of ultrasound on determining the properties of cemen...
Citation Formats
A. Ercan, “Behaviour of pile groups under lateral loads,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2010.