Optimum design of 3-d irregular steel frames using ant colony optimization and harmony search algorithms

Aydoğdu, İbrahim
Steel space frames having irregular shapes when subjected to lateral loads caused by wind or earthquakes undergo twisting as a result of their unsymmetrical topology. As a result, torsional moment comes out which is required to be resisted by the three dimensional frame system. The members of such frame are generally made out of steel I sections which are thin walled open sections. The simple beam theory is not adequate to predict behavior of such thin-walled sections under torsional moments due to the fact that the large warping deformations occur in the cross section of the member. Therefore, it is necessary to consider the effect of warping in the design of the steel space frames having members of thin walled steel sections is significant. In this study the optimum design problem of steel space frames is formulated according to the provisions of LRFD-AISC (Load and Resistance factor design of American Institute of Steel Construction) in which the effect of warping is also taken into account. Ant colony optimization and harmony search techniques two of the recent methods in stochastic search techniques are used to obtain the solution of the design problem. Number of space frame examples is designed by the algorithms developed in order to demonstrate the effect of warping in the optimum design.


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Citation Formats
İ. Aydoğdu, “Optimum design of 3-d irregular steel frames using ant colony optimization and harmony search algorithms,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2010.