Preparation and performance analysis of acrylonitrile based nanocomposite membranes for chromium (VI) removal from aqueous solutions

Bozkır, Selçuk
Acrylonitrile were copolymerized with 2-ethylhexyl acrylate and hexyl acrylate via one step emulsion polymerization using ammonium persulfate (initiator), 1-dodecanthiol (chain transfer agent) and DOWFAX 8390 (surfactant) in the presence of water at about 68 0C. Poly (acrylonitrile-2ethylhexyl acrylate) and poly (acrylonitrile-hexyl acrylate) copolymers with three different comonomer composition (8, 12 and 16 molar percent) were prepared. FTIR and 1H-NMR were used in order to clarify the chemical structure of copolymers. The comonomer amount incorporated into copolymers was determined by using 1H-NMR spectra. The thermal behavior of copolymers was determined by DSC and TGA. Molecular weights of copolymers were determined by intrinsic viscosity (IV) measurements. IV measurements revealed that both poly (acrylonitrile-2ethylhexyl acrylate) and poly (acrylonitrile-hexyl acrylate) have sufficient molecular weight to form nanoporous filtration membranes. Nanoporous filtration membranes were prepared and tested for chromium (IV) removal. It was observed that chromium (VI) rejections of nanoporous filtration membrane were highly dependent on the concentration and the pH of the solutions. Almost complete removal (99, 9 percent Cr (VI)) rejection was achieved at pHs 2, 5 and 7 for solution containing 50 ppm, chromium (VI) with permeate flux within a range from 177 to 150 L/m2h at 689.5 kPa. Also, chemical structure, swelling ratios, sheet resistivity and fracture morphologies of the nanoporous filtration membrane were studied. It should be noted that the nanoporous filtration membranes were fouling resistant.


Preparation of high performance acrylonitrile copolymers
Aran, Bengi; Bengi, Aran; Department of Polymer Science and Technology (2009)
Acrylonitrile based engineering random copolymers were prepared via one step emulsion polymerization using ammonium persulfate (initiator), 1-dodecanthiol (chain transfer agent) and DOWFAX 8390 (surfactant) in the presence of water at approximately 65 0C. Three copolymer compositions were studied for novel polyacrylonitrile, (PAN)-polyhydroxyethyl acrylate (PHEA), PAN-polybutyl acrylate (PBA), novel PAN-polyt-butyl acrylate (PtBA), PAN-polyethyl acrylate (PEA) and PAN-polymethyl acrylate (PMA) with acrylate...
Synthesis and characterization of a bifunctional amido-thiophene monomer and its copolymer with thiophene and electrochemical properties
AK, M; Çırpan, Ali; Yılmaz, Fatih; YAGCI, Y; Toppare, Levent Kamil (2005-05-01)
A bifunctional amido-thiophene namely hexamethylene (bis-3-thiophene acetamide) (HMTA) was synthesized by the reaction of 3-thiophene acetic acid with hexamethylene diamine. Copolymerization in the presence of thiophene was achieved electrochemically in tetrabutylammonium tetrafluoroborate/acetonitrile (TBAFB/AN). Spectroelectro-chemical analysis of the resulting copolymer [P(HMTA-co-Th)] reflected electronic transitions at 505 nm, 740 nm and similar to 1000 nm, revealing pi to pi* transition, polaron and b...
Effect of LiClO4 Salt on Dielectric Properties of Acrylonitrile-Methyl Methacrylate and Acrylonitrile-Isobutyl Methacrylate Copolymers
Poly(acrylonitrile-co-isobutyl methacrylate), PAN-co-PIBMA, and poly(acrylonitrile-co-methyl methacrylate), PAN-co-MMA copolymers are synthesized by emulsion polymerization. The structural characterization is done by FTIR and H-1-NMR spectroscopy and thermal analyses are performed by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). After various amounts of LiClO4 salt loading into copolymer films, the dielectric properties of these films at different temperatures and frequencies are determined. The effects of different me...
Application of FAM ligands in the metal-promoted catalytic enantioselective synthesis of organic compounds
Doğan, Özdemir; Bulut, Adnan (2009-01-01)
Novel ferrocenyl substituted aziridinyl methanol (FAM) ligands were synthesized and successfully used in metal-promoted catalytic enantioselective azomethine ylide cycloadditions, diethylzinc additions to enones, alkynylzinc additions to aldehydes, diethylzinc additions to aldehydes, and Henry reactions. These reactions are summarized in this report.
Preparation and characterization of acrylonitrile-ethyl methacrylate copolymers and the effect of LiClO4 salt on electrical properties of copolymer films
VARGÜN, ELİF; SANKIR, MEHMET; Usanmaz, Ali; Kanbur, Yasin; ABACI, UFUK; GÜNEY, HASAN YÜKSEL (2012-04-05)
Copolymers of poly(acrylonitrile-co-ethyl methacrylate), P(AN-EMA), with three different EMA content and parent homopolymers were synthesized by emulsion polymerization. The chemical composition of copolymers were identified by FTIR, H-1-NMR and C-13-NMR spectroscopy. The thermal properties of copolymers were modified by changing the EMA content in copolymer compositions. Various amounts of LiClO4 salt loaded (PAN-co-PEMA) copolymer films were prepared by solution casting. The dielectric properties of these...
Citation Formats
S. Bozkır, “Preparation and performance analysis of acrylonitrile based nanocomposite membranes for chromium (VI) removal from aqueous solutions,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2010.