Preparation of high performance acrylonitrile copolymers

Aran, Bengi
Acrylonitrile based engineering random copolymers were prepared via one step emulsion polymerization using ammonium persulfate (initiator), 1-dodecanthiol (chain transfer agent) and DOWFAX 8390 (surfactant) in the presence of water at approximately 65 0C. Three copolymer compositions were studied for novel polyacrylonitrile, (PAN)-polyhydroxyethyl acrylate (PHEA), PAN-polybutyl acrylate (PBA), novel PAN-polyt-butyl acrylate (PtBA), PAN-polyethyl acrylate (PEA) and PAN-polymethyl acrylate (PMA) with acrylate content varying from 8, 12 and 16 molar percent. Infrared spectroscopy, proton and carbon NMR were successfully utilized to confirm the chemical structure of copolymers. In order to determine the comonomer compositions in the copolymer structure, proton nuclear magnetic resonance, 1H NMR studies were carried out. Thermal (TGA, DSC) and mechanical properties of homo and copolymers were also investigated. Intrinsic viscosity (IV) measurements in dimethyl formamide (DMF) solution revealed that the molecular weight of the copolymers were quite enough to form ductile films. In this study, hydrogels and their copolymers of acrylonitrile (PAN-PHEA) were also studied. Some properties of the free standing copolymer films such as; swelling behaviors and densities were evaluated. It was also demonstrated that the nanocomposites of these copolymers could be utilized in filtration technology. Hence, novel PAN(88)-co-PMA(12) and polyaniline (PANI) nanocomposites were prepared at various PANI loadings to remove toxic chromium(VI) solution from water. Chemical structure, swelling and fracture morphology of the nanocomposites membranes were studied. It was observed that PANI had a great impact on the chromium removal. Permeate flux and rejection of chromium(VI) were demonstrated for various pHs and chromium(VI) concentrations. Finally, influences of comonomer composition on the thermal properties of the copolymers were investigated to input their structure property relation.


Synthesis of polythiophene and polypyrrole derivatives and their application in electrochromic devices
Ak, Metin; Toppare, Levent Kamil; Department of Chemistry (2006)
Different substituted thiophene and pyrrole monomers namely hexamethylene (bis-3-thiopheneacetamide) (HMTA), N-(4-(3-thienylmethylene)-oxycarbonylphenyl)maleimide (MBThi), 2,4,6-Tris-(4-pyrrol-1-yl-phenoxy)-[1,3,5]triazine (TriaPy), 2,4,6-Tris-(thiophen-3-ylmethoxy)-[1,3,5] triazine (TriaTh), and N-(2-(thiophen-3-yl)methylcarbonyloxyethyl) maleimide (NMT) were synthesized. The chemical structures of the monomers were characterized by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (1H-NMR and 13C-NMR) and Fourier Transform Infr...
Copolymerization of carbon disulfide, carbon dioxide and other carbonic acid derivatives with cyclic ethers by using metal xanthate catalysts
Öztürk, Elif; Alyürük, Kemal; Department of Polymer Science and Technology (2006)
The synthesis of high molecular weight copolymer of carbon disulphide (CS2) and propylene oxide (PO) has not reported in literature. In the present work, zinc isopropyl xanthate (Zn(Xt)2) was used as catalyst for the copolymerisation of PO and CS2 into high copolymer. However, the product can be fractionated into high and low molecular weight components. High molecular weight copolymer was rubbery products, but low molecular weight copolymers were oily products containing cyclic dithiocarbonates. Copolymers...
Synthesis and characterization of waterborne silane coupling agent containing silicone-acrylic resin
Akın, Özlem; Aras, Leyla; Department of Polymer Science and Technology (2004)
In this study, waterborne silicone-acrylic resin was produced by incorporating silane coupling agent onto the acrylic main chain by emulsion polymerization. After applying different emulsion polymerization processes, batch polymerization was selected to obtain the resultant resin. Thus finding the optimum conditions by investigating the parameters of monomer ratios, initiators, concentrations of initiators, temperature and time, the novel resin was synthesized. Water-dispersed silicone-acrylic resin was pro...
Synthesis, characterization and electrochromic properties of conducting copolymers of terephthalic acid bis-(thiophen-3-ylmethyl)thioester with thiophene and pyrrole and conducting polymer of 1-(4-fluorophenyl)-2,5-di(thiophen-2-yl)-1h-pyrrole
Türkarslan, Özlem; Toppare, Levent Kamil; Department of Chemistry (2006)
Terephthalic acid bis-(thiophen-3-ylmethyl)thioester (TTMT) was synthesized via the reaction of thiophen-3-ylmethanethiol with terephthaloyl dichloride. Nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopies were utilized for the characterization of the monomer. This 3-functionalized thiophene monomer was polymerized in the presence of thiophene (Th) and pyrrole (Py) upon constant potential application in acetonitrile/tetrabutylammonium tetrafluoroborate (TBAFB). The result...
Synthesis of a new thiophene derivative and its uses as an electrochromic device component
Yiğitsoy, Başak; Toppare, Levent Kamil; Department of Chemistry (2006)
2,5-Di(thiophen-2-yl)-1-p-tolyl-1H-pyrrole (DTTP) was synthesized via reaction of 1,4-di(2-thienyl)-1,4-butanedione with p-toluidine in the presence of catalytical amount of p-toluenesulfonic acid (PTSA). Homopolymer P(DTTP) was achieved both by chemical and electrochemical techniques. Chemical polymerization of the monomer yielded a soluble polymer. The average molecular weight was determined by gel permeation chromatography (GPC) as Mn: 2.5x103 g/mol. The monomer was electrochemically polymerized in the p...
Citation Formats
B. Aran, “Preparation of high performance acrylonitrile copolymers,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2009.