Preparation of high performance acrylonitrile copolymers

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2009
Aran, Bengi
Acrylonitrile based engineering random copolymers were prepared via one step emulsion polymerization using ammonium persulfate (initiator), 1-dodecanthiol (chain transfer agent) and DOWFAX 8390 (surfactant) in the presence of water at approximately 65 0C. Three copolymer compositions were studied for novel polyacrylonitrile, (PAN)-polyhydroxyethyl acrylate (PHEA), PAN-polybutyl acrylate (PBA), novel PAN-polyt-butyl acrylate (PtBA), PAN-polyethyl acrylate (PEA) and PAN-polymethyl acrylate (PMA) with acrylate content varying from 8, 12 and 16 molar percent. Infrared spectroscopy, proton and carbon NMR were successfully utilized to confirm the chemical structure of copolymers. In order to determine the comonomer compositions in the copolymer structure, proton nuclear magnetic resonance, 1H NMR studies were carried out. Thermal (TGA, DSC) and mechanical properties of homo and copolymers were also investigated. Intrinsic viscosity (IV) measurements in dimethyl formamide (DMF) solution revealed that the molecular weight of the copolymers were quite enough to form ductile films. In this study, hydrogels and their copolymers of acrylonitrile (PAN-PHEA) were also studied. Some properties of the free standing copolymer films such as; swelling behaviors and densities were evaluated. It was also demonstrated that the nanocomposites of these copolymers could be utilized in filtration technology. Hence, novel PAN(88)-co-PMA(12) and polyaniline (PANI) nanocomposites were prepared at various PANI loadings to remove toxic chromium(VI) solution from water. Chemical structure, swelling and fracture morphology of the nanocomposites membranes were studied. It was observed that PANI had a great impact on the chromium removal. Permeate flux and rejection of chromium(VI) were demonstrated for various pHs and chromium(VI) concentrations. Finally, influences of comonomer composition on the thermal properties of the copolymers were investigated to input their structure property relation.

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Citation Formats
B. Aran, “Preparation of high performance acrylonitrile copolymers,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2009.