An inquiry on justice : bases, bearers and principles

Kibar, Sibel
One of the prevalent notions in the late twentieth century‘s political philosophy, justice lies at the heart of ethics, politics and jurisprudence. In this study, while I insist on the dominion of politics and the economic mode of production over morality and law, I consider the ethical realm to be also very important in justifying political movements and transformations. Defining the concept of justice plays a role more or less in the realization of justice on the Earth. I try to reveal the bases of justice in the second chapter. My attitude can be defined as foundationalism and realism molded with historical materialism. Subsequently, I attempt to deal with the bearers of justice; i.e., individuals, institutions, or structures. The contemporary political theories on justice pay attention to the notion of the individual and the faculty of rationality. Although I admit the role ofindividuals in ensuring justice, social structures are the main bearers of justice. In the fourth chapter, I cover the main principles or pillars of justice, namely, equality, freedom, and rights. Equality can be classified as legal, political, social, economic and moral. I claim that economic equality is the principal one among others since economic inequality usually generates other inequalities. Economic equality can be satisfied through just production in which alienation and exploitation do not take place. Absence of exploitation is also required for realization of freedoms and human rights. Thus, I propose the principle of absence of exploitation as a primary justice principle, which is necessary but not sufficient to eradicate injustices in the world.


Justice and justification: the argument against Kantian subordination of politics to morality (the cases of John Rawls and Jurgen Habermas)
Yazıcı, Sedat; İnam, Ahmet; Department of Philosophy (2002)
By providing a clarification of the Kantian legacy on which both Rawls's and Habermas's justification of the principles of justice rests, the historical part of this dissertation aims to demonstrate the misdirection that Kant gave to the contemporary political philosophy. The conceptual part of the dissertation argues for the idea that, due to an internal connection between the justificatory methodology of a political theory and its essential ideas, a political system cannot be justified independently of it...
Amartya Sen’s idea of justice, and its relations with John Rawls and Adam Smith
Dağ, Umut; Turan, Şeref Halil; Department of Philosophy (2015)
The aim of this thesis is to examine Amartya Sen s idea of justice and its relation to John Rawls and Adam Smith. Amartya Sen s idea of justice could be seen as a critique of Rawls theory of justice as well as a proposal of a new approach instead. Sen s critique of Rawls theory of justice is basically based on the critique of transcendental institutionalism. Instead Sen offers the realization focused comparison as an alternative for the idea of justice. To explicate this alternative approach Sen introduces ...
A critical assessment of John Rawls’s Theory of Justice as fairness
Eryılmaz, Ene; İnam, Ahmet.; Department of Philosophy (2019)
This dissertation is a critical analysis of John Rawls’s theory of justice in its historical and philosophical context. To that end, his works from A Theory of Justice (1971) to Justice as Fairness: A Restatement (2001) are examined. Not only Rawls’s theory of justice but also his approach to metaphysics and metaethics are also tackled to understand justice as fairness deeply. While setting out Rawls’s main arguments and theses, a critical approach is adopted with his foremost critics. This study thus searc...
Anarchism and justice
Aytekin, Feyyaz Meriç; Parkan, Barış; Rittersberger, Helga İda; Department of Philosophy (2021-10)
The aim of this thesis is to clarify the differences between two conceptions of justice: Eternal Justice (Themis) and Social Justice (Dike). In our modern world, justice has always been perceived as a distributive and legislative issue. Unlike social justice, eternal justice is not anthropomorphic but a cosmological phenomenon. In order to develop an understanding of eternal justice, I mainly referred to the works of Arendt and Nietzsche. With the help of their conceptualizations and theories, this thesis o...
Amartya Sen‘s capability approach and its relation with John Rawls‘ justice as fairness.
Esmer, Songül; Turan, Şeref Halil; Department of Philosophy (2021-3-10)
This thesis aims to examineAmartya Sen‘s capability approach and its relation with John Rawls‘ ―justice as fairness.‖In order to reveal Sen‘s capability approach,John Rawls‘ justice as fairnessis explained asit has a significant influence on Sen‘s capability approach,andSen‘s critiques of justice as fairness and transcendental approach to justice are discussed,aswere thestarting pointsof Sen‘s capability approach.While analyzingthe capability approach, the concept of justice a...
Citation Formats
S. Kibar, “An inquiry on justice : bases, bearers and principles ,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2011.