Hyperspectral imaging and machine learning of texture foods for classification

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2011
Ataş, Musa
In this thesis the main objective is to design a machine vision system that classifies aflatoxin contaminated chili peppers from uncontaminated ones in a rapid and non-destructive manner via hyperspectral imaging and machine learning techniques. Hyperspectral image series of chili pepper samples collected from different regions of Turkey have been acquired under halogen and UV illuminations. A novel feature set based on quantized absolute difference of consecutive spectral band features is proposed. Spectral band energies along with absolute difference energies of the consecutive spectral bands are utilized as features and compared with other feature extraction methods such as Teager energy operator and 2D wavelet Linear Discriminant Bases (2D-LDB). For feature selection, Fisher discrimination power, information theoretic Minimum Redundancy Maximum Relevance (mRMR) method and proposed Multi Layer Perceptron (MLP) based feature selection schemes are utilized.Finally, Linear Discriminant Classifier (LDC), Support Vector Machines (SVM) and MLP are used as classifiers. It is observed that MLP outperforms other learning models in terms of predictor performance. We verified the performance and robustness of our proposed methods on different real world datasets. It is suggested that to achieve high classification accuracy and predictor robustness, a machine vision system with halogen excitation and quantized absolute difference of consecutive spectral band features should be utilized.
Citation Formats
M. Ataş, “Hyperspectral imaging and machine learning of texture foods for classification,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2011.