Ternary nanocomposites of low density, high density and linear low density polyethylenes with the compatibilizers E-MA-GMA and E-BA-MAh

Işık Coşkunses, Fatma
The effects of polyethylene, (PE), type, compatibilizer type and organoclay type on the morphology, rheological, thermal, and mechanical properties of ternary low density polyethylene (LDPE), high density polyethylene (HDPE), and linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE), matrix nanocomposites were investigated in this study. Ethylene – Methyl acrylate – Glycidyl methacrylate terpolymer (E-MAGMA) and Ethylene – Butyl acrylate- Maleic anhydrate terpolymer (E-BA-MAH) were used as the compatibilizers. The organoclays selected for the study were Cloisite 30B and Nanofil 8. Nanocomposites were prepared by means of melt blending via co-rotating twin screw extrusion process. Extruded samples were injection molded to be used for material characterization tests. Optimum amounts of ingredients of ternary nanocomposites were determined based on to the mechanical test results of binary blends of PE/Compatibilizer and binary nanocomposites of PE/Organoclay. Based on the tensile test results, the optimum contents of compatibilizer and organoclay were determined as 5 wt % and 2 wt %, respectively. XRD and TEM analysis results indicated that intercalated and partially exfoliated structures were obtained in the ternary nanocomposites. In these nanocomposites E-MA-GMA compatibilizer produced higher d-spacing in comparison to E-BA-MAH, owing to its higher reactivity. HDPE exhibited the highest basal spacing among all the nanocomposite types with E-MA-GMA/30B system. Considering the polymer type, better dispersion was achieved in the order of LDPE


Vacuum-processed polyethylene as a dielectric for low operating voltage organic field effect transistors
Kanbur, Yasin; Irimia-Vladu, Mihai; Glowacki, Eric D.; Voss, Gundula; Baumgartner, Melanie; Schwabegger, Guenther; Leonat, Lucia; Ullah, Mujeeb; Sarica, Hizir; ERTEN ELA, ŞULE; Schwoediauer, Reinhard; Sitter, Helmut; Kucukyavuz, Zuhal; Bauer, Siegfried; Sariciftci, Niyazi Serdar (2012-05-01)
We report on the fabrication and performance of vacuum-processed organic field effect transistors utilizing evaporated low-density polyethylene (LD-PE) as a dielectric layer. With C-60 as the organic semiconductor, we demonstrate low operating voltage transistors with field effect mobilities in excess of 4 cm(2)/Vs. Devices with pentacene showed a mobility of 0.16 cm(2)/Vs. Devices using tyrian Purple as semiconductor show low-voltage ambipolar operation with equal electron and hole mobilities of similar to...
Pyrolysis of Polyethylene over Aluminum-Incorporated MCM-41 Catalyst
Aydemir, Bugce; Sezgi, Naime Aslı (2016-01-01)
Aluminum-containing MCM-41 catalysts were synthesized in this study by impregnation of aluminum into hydrothermally synthesized MCM-41. Aluminum was loaded into the porous framework of silica with different Al/Si ratios, using aluminum isopropoxide as the aluminum source. These catalysts exhibited Type IV adsorption-desorption isotherms and had a pore diameter of 2.4nm. Aluminum species were coordinated tetra- and octahedrally in the structure of catalysts. Diffuse Reflectance Fourier Transform Infrared Spe...
On-line fouling/cleaning detection by measuring electric resistance-equipment development and application to milk fouling detection and chemical cleaning monitoring
Chen, Xiao Dong; Li, Dolly X.Y.; Lin, Sean X.Q.; Özkan, Necati (2004-02-01)
n electrical resistance method, which has the potential to measure the extent of soft material fouling such as milk fouling on the surface of process equipment in situ and in real time, is described. An experimental fouling unit with the appropriate attachments has been devised and used to monitor the fouling build-up using the electrical resistance method. Reconstituted skim milks with solid contents of 10-30 wt.% were used to produce milk foulings, and these milk foulings were cleaned using a cleaning sol...
Electrical transport, optical and thermal properties of polyaniline-pumice composites
YILMAZ, KORAY; Akgoz, A.; Cabuk, M.; Karaagac, H.; KARABULUT, ORHAN; YAVUZ, Mustafa (2011-11-01)
In this study, electrical conductivity, photoconductivity, absorbance and thermal properties of polyaniline (PANI) and polyaniline-pumice composites were investigated. Temperature dependent conductivity and photoconductivity measurements were carried out in the temperature range of 80-400K. The measurements revealed that the dominant conduction mechanisms in polyaniline and 15% pumice doped composite were hopping conduction. The low activation energies calculated for 36% pumice doped composite indicated tha...
Nanocomposites based on blends of polyethylene
Işık, Fatma; Yılmazer, Ülkü; Department of Chemical Engineering (2005)
In this study the effects of compatibilizer type, organoclay type, and the addition order of components on the morphological, thermal, mechanical and flow properties of ternary nanocomposites based on low density polyethylene, LDPE were investigated. As compatibilizer, ethylene/methyl acrylate/glycidyl methacrylate, ethylene/glycidyl methacrylate, and ethylene/butyl acrylate/maleic anhydride; as organoclay Cloisite? 15A, Cloisite? 25A and Cloisite? 30B were used. All samples were prepared by a co-rotating t...
Citation Formats
F. Işık Coşkunses, “Ternary nanocomposites of low density, high density and linear low density polyethylenes with the compatibilizers E-MA-GMA and E-BA-MAh,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2011.