Bioactive surface design based on conducting polymers and applications to biosensors

Ekiz, Fulya
An underlying idea of joining the recognition features of biological macromolecules to the sensitivity of electrochemical devices has brought the concept of biosensors as remarkable analytical tools for monitoring desired analytes in different technological areas. Over other methods, biosensors have some advantages including high selectivity, sensitivity, simplicity and this leads to solutions for some problems met in the measurement of some analytes. In this context, conducting polymers are excellent alternatives with their biocompatibility and ease of applicability for an efficient immobilization of biomolecules in preparing biosensors. Using several materials and arranging the surface properties of the electrodes, more efficient and seminal designs can be achieved. In this thesis, it is aimed to create new direct biosensors systems for the detection of several analytes such as glucose and pesticides thought to be harmful to the environment. Recently synthesized conducting polymers (polyTBT); (poly(2-dodecyl-4,7-di(thiophen-2-yl)-2H-benzo[ d][1,2,3]triazole) and (poly(TBT 6 -NH2 ); poly(6-(4,7-di(thiophen-2-yl)-2H-benzo[d][1,2,3]triazol-2-yl)hexan-1-amine) were utilized as a matrices for biomolecule immobilization. After successful electrochemical deposition the polymers on the graphite electrode surfaces, immobilization of glucose oxidase (GOx) and choline oxidase (ChO) were carried out. Amperometric measurements were recorded by monitoring oxygen consumption in the presence of substrates at -0.7 V. The optimized biosensors showed a very good linearity with rapid response times and low detection limits (LOD) to glucose and choline. Also, kinetic parameters, operational and storage stabilities were determined. Finally, designed biosensor systems were applied for glucose and pesticide detection in different media.
Citation Formats
F. Ekiz, “Bioactive surface design based on conducting polymers and applications to biosensors,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2012.