Polymeric scaffolds for bioactive agent delivery in bone tissue engineering

Uçar, Şeniz
Tissue engineering is a multidisciplinary field that is rapidly emerging as a promising new approach in the restoration and reconstruction of tissues. In this approach, three dimensional (3D) scaffolds are of great importance. Scaffolds function both as supports for cell growth and depot for sustained release of required active agents (e.g. enzymes, genes, antibiotics, growth factors). Scaffolds should possess certain properties in accordance with usage conditions. Wet-spinning is a simple technique that has been widely used for the fabrication of porous scaffolds for tissue engineering applications. Natural polymers can effectively be used in scaffold fabrication due to their biocharacteristics. Among natural polymers, chitosan and alginate are two of the most studied ones in tissue engineering and drug delivery fields because of being biologically renewable, biodegradable, biocompatible, non-antigenic, non-toxic and biofunctional. In this study, two kinds of porous scaffolds were produced as chitosan and alginate coated chitosan fibrous scaffolds by wet-spinning technique In order to investigate the delivery characteristics of the scaffolds, loading of gentamicin as a model antibiotic and bovine serum albumin (BSA) as a model protein was carried out in different loading models. Resultant scaffolds were characterized in terms of their structural formation, biodegradation, biomineralization, water uptake and retention ability and mechanical properties. Additionally, release kinetics of gentamicin and BSA were examined. Efficiency of gentamicin on Escherichia coli (E.coli) was examined. Characterization of scaffolds revealed their adequacy to be used in bone tissue engineering applications and capability to be employed as bioactive agent delivery systems.


Wet spun PCL scaffolds for tissue engineering
Malikmammadov, Elbay; Hasırcı, Nesrin; Endoğan Tanır, Tuğba; Department of Micro and Nanotechnology (2017)
Scaffolds produced for tissue engineering applications are promising alternatives to be used in healing and regeneration of injured tissues and organs. In this study, fibrous poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) scaffolds were prepared by wet spinning technique and modified by addition of β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) and by immobilizing gelatin onto fibers. Meanwhile, gelatin microspheres carrying Ceftriaxone sodium (CS), a model antibiotic, were added onto the scaffolds and antimicrobial activity of CS was investi...
Development and characterization of silk fibroin and citrus pectin based scaffolds for bone tissue engineering
Ataol, Sibel; Tezcaner, Ayşen; Akdağ, Akın; Department of Biomedical Engineering (2014)
Current strategies of tissue engineering aim to design and develop biologically, physicochemically and mechanically proper scaffolds. Natural polymers are gaining interest in applications since they have already many roles in biochemical pathways and have proper mechanical properties. The objective of this thesis is to develop natural silk fibroin (SF) and citrus pectin (PEC) based three-dimensional porous scaffolds for bone tissue engineering applications. Additionally, we aimed to synthesize nano calcium ...
Development of microcarrier systems for bone tissue engineering
Aydoğdu, Hazal; Tezcaner, Ayşen; Baran, Erkan Türker; Department of Biomedical Engineering (2015)
Current strategies in bone tissue engineering have largely focused on development of carrier systems for repair and regeneration of bone tissue defects. The microcarrier systems offer an efficient method of delivery of cells with non-invasive injectable system. In this study, three-dimensional hydrogel microspheres were developed via water-in-oil emulsion method. In the first part of the thesis, porous pullulan (PULL) microspheres, with average size of 153±46 µm, were prepared and the surface of the microsp...
Cellulose-based electrospun scaffolds for tissue engineering applications
Atila, Deniz Hazal; Tezcaner, Ayşen; Yazgan Karataş, Ayten; Department of Engineering Sciences (2014)
With the use of a scaffold as support material, adequate number of cells, and bioactive molecules, tissue engineering applications intend to promote the regeneration of tissues or to replace failing or malfunctioning tissues/organs. In this study, electrospun 2D and 3D cellulose-based scaffolds were aimed to be produced with pullulan (PULL). Cellulose acetate (CA) and PULL powders in various ratios (80/20, 50/50, and 80/20) were dissolved in DMAc/DMSO solvent system and electrospun as either 2D or 3D forms....
Biodegradable poly (ester-urethane) scaffolds for bone tissue engineering
Kızıltay, Aysel; Hasırcı, Nesrin; Department of Biotechnology (2011)
During last decade, polyurethanes (PUs) which are able to degrade into harmless molecules upon implantation have received a significant level of attention as a biomaterial in tissue engineering applications. Many studies are focused especially on development of PUs based on amino acid derivatives; however, there are only few applications of amino acid based PUs in tissue engineering. In this study, a biocompatible and biodegradable thermoplastic poly(ester-urethane) (PEU) based on L-lysine diisocyanate (LDI...
Citation Formats
Ş. Uçar, “Polymeric scaffolds for bioactive agent delivery in bone tissue engineering,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2012.