Inertial navigation system improvement using ground station data

Güner, Dünya Rauf Levent
Missile navigation systems rely on hybrid INS/GPS systems to employ lower grade inertial sensors for the sake of cost and availability. Current inertial navigation systems on missiles can perform accurately for a limited time without GPS aiding. However, GPS is the most likely system that is going to be jammed in a crisis or war by low cost jammers by any opposing force. Missiles do not have adequate equipment to maintain accuracy when GPS is jammed completely in the battle area. In this thesis, a new method is proposed to improve performance of INS systems onboard missiles and autonomous aerial vehicles with EO sensors in a GPS denied environment. Previously laid ground based beacons are used by the missile EO/IIR seeker for bearing-only measurements and position updates are performed by the use of modified artillery survey algorithms based on triangulation techniques which involve angle measurements. For mission planning, two main problems are identified as deployment problem and path planning problem and a tool for the optimal laying of beacons for a given desired trajectory and optimal path planning for a given network of beacons is developed by using evolutionary algorithms and results for test scenarios are discussed.
Citation Formats
D. R. L. Güner, “Inertial navigation system improvement using ground station data,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2012.