The Rural Settlement Pattern of Bozburun Peninsula During Classical and Hellenistic Periods

Oğuz, Eser Deniz
Located in southwest Caria, Bozburun Peninsula (Carian Chersonesos/ Rhodian Peraea) is a big network of chorai with cleverly managed agricultural terraces and rural settlements scattered across an undulated topography and scarce resources whereby spatial patterns must have been formed according to various needs. The objective of this research is to understand the manner of organisation of rural settlements, the so-called “demes (δεμι)” which were essentially shaped according to environmental conditions and agrarian motives in Classical and Hellenistic periods and that gave rise to tremendous demographic expansions in 3rd- 2nd centuries B.C, and explain the change process in the rural settlement pattern thereof. The scope area is limited with the southern horizontal border line of Turgut Village until the isthmus on the mainland. Extensive surveys and aerial applications fused by GIS and photogrammetric techniques have shown that orientation of deme centers, which are located at 5 km intervals with 30 km2 territoriums on average, fit to topography and their dispersed patterns but non-random spatial structure was economy driven during the Rhodian colonization. Projections endeavored for the sampling case of Phoinix have revealed that settlement areas, which are made up of only 2% of terrain, occurred up to 200 m where slope degrees reach 30% over terra-rosa soil cover, regardless of aspect. The general silhouette, as highly affected by fragmented environments and, reconstruction of ancient population put forward that the Classical deme transformed itself into a dendritic pattern extending as far as 1.3 km and experienced 250% increase as it grew into the Hellenistic period.


Landscapes of Pednelissos : making of an urban settlement image in ancient Pisidia
Çinici, Ahmet; Özgenel, Lale; Department of Settlement Archaeology (2013)
This study investigates the interaction between people and between people and their environments embodied in the landscapes of Pednelissos, one of the smaller cities of antiquity in highland Pisidia, a region which is characterized by the variety of its morphological features and their dominance in the socio-economic life. Landscape, in this respect, is conceptualized as a cultural image, a way of representing, structuring and symbolizing surroundings born out of people’s living and acting in space and thro...
17. Yüzyıl Başından 19. Yüzyıl Ortasına Kadarki Dönemde Anadolu Osmanlı Şehrinde Şehirsel Yapının Değişme Süreci
Aktüre, Sevgi (Middle East Technical University, Faculty of Architecture, 1975)
The pre-modern city in Anatolia acquired its essential characteristics in Ottoman period in terms of levels of organization in city life, population size, occupational differentiation, spatial distribution of activities and land use relationships, and provided a physical layout which was reused also for contemporary purposes in existing settlements of today. For an understanding of the spatial structure of Anatolian Ottoman city between 17th and mid 19th centuries, the growth and development have several im...
The Historical Roots of Autonomy in Nicaragua's Caribbean Coast: From British Colonialism to Indigenous Autonomy
Baracco, Luciano (2016-07-01)
This article reviews historical forms of localised government on Nicaragua's Caribbean coast and contrasts them with the contemporary struggle to attain a communal form of autonomy undertaken by the region's indigenous population. It suggests that the contemporary autonomy process shares few features with the historical precedents of localised government which are commonly invoked to legitimise it. Instead, its roots can be located in the emergence of a Moskitian nationalism amongst the Miskitu which occurr...
The classicalperiod houses in Burgaz : an archaeological and architectural overview
Gökdemir, Özgür; Tuna, Numan; Department of Settlement Archaeology (2006)
The aim of this study is to present the architectural and organizational characteristics of Burgaz houses by taking into consideration a number of internal and external factors such as economical, social and environmental that influenced the house plan and its utilization in 4th century BC. To discuss the place of Burgaz house within the ancient Greek domestic context, the architectural, structural, and functional characteristics of houses are investigated and compared to contemporary examples, such as Olyn...
The ancient water system at the Upper city of Hasankeyf, Turkey
Oguz-Kirca, Eser Deniz (2016-02-01)
In this paper, the water distribution system at the Upper city of a well-preserved medieval town of Hasankeyf near the Tigris is questioned and its relation to the urban settlement pattern is assessed. The discussions are based on the cistern-intensive and available canal data collected within the residential borders of the Upper city in 2005. Being the third level features of the water system, the cisterns the majority of which are now attributable to the "conical, small and individual" typology, have show...
Citation Formats
E. D. Oğuz, “The Rural Settlement Pattern of Bozburun Peninsula During Classical and Hellenistic Periods,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2013.