Evaluation of Turkey’s status using energy indicators for sustainable development and sustainability assessment of a hydropower project : a case study of Çetin Dam and HEPP

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2013
Vural Özünlü, Berna
One of the crucial problems of the new millennium is increasing energy demand due to development of technology. This energy demand is supplied by new power plants all over the world. In our time, just generating energy is not sufficient; it has to be realized in a sustainable manner from domestic resources as well. Any type of renewable energy that supports healthy environment, economic wealth, and social justice simultaneously for today’s usage without compromising future generations’ well-being and quality of life is valued to be sustainable. Hydropower plays the major role in Turkey’s renewable energy market. The undeveloped part of hydropower potential should be put in use since the country’s energy demand and dependency on foreign sources are rapidly increasing. On the other hand, environmental and social issues should be given high importance to enhance sustainability while implementing and operating hydroelectric power plants (HEPPs). International Atomic Energy Agency has suggested Energy Indicators for Sustainable Development (EISD) to assess a country’s sustainability status. Moreover, International Hydropower Association has developed Sustainability Assessment Protocol (SAP) to assess HEPPs in terms of sustainability. The scope of this study is to visualize sustainable development status of Turkey by using EISD, and sustainability assessment of Çetin Dam and HEPP by using SAP. Suggestions are made (i) to improve sustainable development status of Turkey using results of the EISD analysis, (ii) to improve the SAP as a practical global tool, and (iii) to promote and ease its applicability in Turkey’s hydropower sector based on the analysis conducted for Çetin Dam and HEPP.
Citation Formats
B. Vural Özünlü, “Evaluation of Turkey’s status using energy indicators for sustainable development and sustainability assessment of a hydropower project : a case study of Çetin Dam and HEPP,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2013.