Determination of wind power potential and optimal wind power plant locations in Turkey

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2014
Çetinay, Hale
Due to increased environmental concerns, utilization of the renewable energy, especially the wind power, gains importance. Like developed countries which have set their renewable energy targets for the long term integration, Turkish government has also set the goal as 20 GW of total wind power installed capacity in 2023. In this thesis, the wind power potential in Turkey is analyzed and different cases are studied to determine optimal locations for wind power plant establishment. In order to determine the wind power potential, annual and seasonal average wind speeds and Weibull distribution parameters of the speed are calculated for every 6 km x 6 km area in Turkey. Moreover, using calculated parameters of the speed, wind power densities and capacity factors of the potential power plant are determined. To visualize results via maps, Plate Carrée map transformation is utilized. The calculated wind speed parameters, the altitude and urban data of Turkey are used to find the set of feasible locations for wind power plant establishment and possible transformer substation connections for wind power plants. Then, among the set of feasible locations, linear programming optimization method is performed in the expected 2017 summer peak scenario of Turkey to determine optimal locations of wind power plants which lead maximum annual wind power production. While solving the optimization problem, DC load flow equations are utilized by taking the transmission constraints into account and the impact of wind power penetration on Turkish grid is analyzed.

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Citation Formats
H. Çetinay, “Determination of wind power potential and optimal wind power plant locations in Turkey,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2014.