High speed rail development in Turkey: government policy, investments and users perspective

Download
2014
Dalkıç, Gülçin
Sustainable development has become a major goal for development policies of governments, local, national, and even supra-national. The transport sector often receives a major emphasis in these policies because it is one of the least sustainable sectors therefore it is crucial to restructure transport policies and create a shift towards sustainable modes of transport. Due to its relatively lower emission impact and energy consumption, railways receive increasing emphasis that have resulted in extensive investment in rail networks. High speed railway (HSR) investments are the one of the important components of this transport strategy to reduce carbon intensive long-distance travel because when HSR operates, it is expected that there will be a shift from road and air to rail. In Turkey there is a recent trend in rail policies and projects in Turkey that focus on the development of HSR. There are many projects in planning stage. Increasing investment of HSR projects can bring many environmental, social and physical externalities. However, they can be effective in reducing CO2 emissions in the transport sector. This is often the justification of investment in rail systems; however, this desired impact can only occur if there is a shift to railways from road and air transport. If the shift does not happen, benefits expected from railway investments cannot be realized. This thesis aims to analyze HSR investments in Turkey by focusing on possible shifts from road to rail transport. In order to project that passenger shift, a user survey has been carried out in the cities that have HSR investment in planning phase. It aims to find under which condition people change their travel behavior and the expected shift can be realized. The analysis also highlights what kind of policies should be implemented to encourage a modal shift from road to rail transportation.

Suggestions

An Exploration of crafts in the Ankara Castle area based on sustainable design and localization
Tokat, Aslıhan; Doğan, Çağla; Department of Industrial Design (2017)
In the age of globalized industrial production, traditional crafts have the potential to contribute to sustainable development through offering local approaches with potential social, environmental and economic benefits. Nevertheless, all over the world, crafts are in decline due to the reasons mainly led by industrialization. This study explores the existing traditional crafts at the site of the Ankara Castle, as one of the few craft production areas in Ankara, in relation to sustainability considerations,...
Sustainable development of Turkey: Deployment of geothermal resources for carbon capture, utilization, and storage
Kirli, Mustafa Safa; Fahrioglu, Murat (Informa UK Limited, 2019-07-18)
As a developing country, Turkey's sustainable development objectives converge on robust and sustainable economic development. The increase in its energy and electricity demand is attributed to the growth of population, urbanization, and industrialization parallel to economic and social growth. Instead of fulfilling the obligation to protect the environment arising from international agreements and achieving desired sustainable development, the dependency on imported fossil fuel in electrical energy producti...
Understanding the role of the national human rights institutions in implementing the sustainable development agenda : the case of Europe
Kaşkaval Okyay, Ezgi; Bahçecik, Şerif Onur; Department of European Studies (2020)
This thesis aims to analyze the role of the European National Human Rights Institutions in global governance through the UN 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda. Throughout the research it has been observed that NHRIs are evolving and academic works lag behind capturing their expanding role. Within this context, this thesis attempts to understand the possible contribution of NHRIs to the implementation and follow-up process of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Throughout the thesis National Human Rig...
An Analysis of secondary school chemistry curriculum in terms of education for sustainable development: a case from Turkey
Türkmen, Canan; Boz, Yezdan; Teksöz, Gaye; Department of Secondary Science and Mathematics Education (2018)
Sustainable development (SD) has been one of the overarching objectives of the United Nations. Member countries and stakeholders are reorienting education at all levels of the system to overcome the environmental, economic, and social challenges that the world faces, and to achieve a sustainable future. There has been a strong increase in the integration of Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) into secondary school; there is a need for research to assess the relevance of the curriculum to reflect the...
Electricity market modeling using stochastic and robust optimization
Yıldırım, Miray Hanım; Wilhelm Weber, Gerhard; Türker Bayrak, Özlem; Department of Scientific Computing (2015)
Sustainable development relying on sustainable and renewable energy systems is becoming one of the major policies of many countries. This forces the policy makers to establish many reforms and revolutions, which evolve electricity markets into a more competitive form. The competitive environment results in surging electricity demand and supply that brings in a critical challenge: uncertainty. In this thesis, the uncertainties with respect to prices and demand in the market are explored by using stochastic p...
Citation Formats
G. Dalkıç, “High speed rail development in Turkey: government policy, investments and users perspective,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2014.