Learner driver follow-up study: attitude change and driver behavior

Biçer, Duygu Özlem
Novice drivers are overrepresented in accidents especially at the beginning of solo driving. Learning process is important in driving because pre-attitudes and behaviors could determine the later driver behaviors. Therefore, driver education and training become irrefutably critical for safe driving. The first aim of the current study is investigating the attitude change of learner drivers through driver education and training by taking attitude measurements both before the beginning of education and after they complete driving practices. Second aim is investigating the attitude effect on driver behaviors which are observed during driving practices. 150 learner drivers (92 male, 58 female) whose mean age was 25.26 participated in the study voluntarily. Turkish version of Manchester Driver Attitude Scale (Lajunen, & Özkan, 2004) was used to measure driving-specific attitudes and Traffic Safety Climate Scale (Özkan, & Lajunen, unpublished(a); Gehler, Hagemaister, & Özkan, 2014) was used to measure attitudes toward traffic climate. Then, driver behaviors were measured by Driver Behavior Questionnaire with positive driver behaviors (Özkan, & Lajunen, 2005) to see self-reported driver behaviors during driving practices. Results showed that, risky-oriented attitudes of learner drivers increased over the learning period but safety-oriented attitudes and traffic climate attitudes did not change after driver education. Pre and post attitudes differed in predicting driving behaviors but risky-oriented attitudes seem the most powerful predictor of different driver behaviors which are observed during driving practices. The results, contributions and limitations of the study were discussed along with the suggestions for the future research.


Self-regulatory driving practices of old and young drivers
Azık, Derya; Özkan, Türker; Department of Psychology (2015)
The aim of the current study was to investigate self-regulatory driving practices of old and young drivers by examining underlying factors and possible benefits on drivers’ aberrant behaviors. 258 active male drivers (120 older, 138 younger) participated in the study. Older drivers’ age range was determined as 60-75 and younger drivers’ age range was determined as 21-30. For testing motivator factors of self-regulatory driving practices, Health and Functional Abilities Scale (Molnar et al., 2013), Self-Rate...
Professional and non-professional drivers' stress reactions and risky driving
Öz, Bahar; Özkan, Türker (2010-01-01)
The aim of the present study was to investigate stress reactions, speeding, number of penalties and accident involvement among different driver groups (taxi drivers, minibus drivers, heavy vehicle drivers, and non-professional drivers). A total number of 234 male drivers participated in the study. The participants were asked to complete the Driver Stress Inventory (DSI) together with a demographic information form. Five dimensions of the DSI were measured; aggression, dislike of driving, hazard monitoring, ...
Driver profiles based on values and traffic safety climate and their relationships with driver behaviors
Kaçan, Bilgesu; Fındık, Gizem; Üzümcüoğlu, Yeşim; Azık Özkan, Derya; Solmazer, Gaye; Ersan, Özlem; Özkan, Türker; Lajunen, Timo; Öz, Bahar; Pashkevich, Anton; Pashkevich, Maria; Danelli-Mylona, Vassiliki; Georgogianni, Dimitra; Berisha Krasniqi, Ema; Krasniqi, Muhamed; Makris, Evangelos; Shubenkova, Ksenia; Xheladini, Gentianë (Elsevier BV, 2019-7)
Drivers have an important place in the traffic system when the human factor is taken into consideration. Drivers from different cultures are exposed to different values, norms, and traffic systems, and these differences may form various driver behaviors. Thus, traffic climate and individual values can impact driver behaviors. In this study, the relationships between Schwartz's individual values and traffic climate dimensions were examined. Clusters were then created from the traffic climate dimensions and i...
Predicting intentions to text and call while driving using the theory of planned behaviour
Sullman, M. J. M.; Hill, T.; Stephens, A. N. (Elsevier BV, 2018-10-01)
There is extensive evidence that using a mobile phone while driving causes degradation in driving performance, and thereby results in reduced safety on the road. The present study examined intentions to use mobile phones while driving using the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB). A total of 212 Ukrainian drivers (mean age = 35 years SD =10 years; males = 82%) completed a survey that included measures of the TPB components related to intentions to send or read text messages or to make or receive handheld phon...
Understanding young drivers in Turkey: Time perspective, driving skills, and driver behaviors
Tekeş, Burcu; ÖZDEMİR, FATİH; Özkan, Türker (2020-11-01)
Many studies have focused on the tendency of young drivers to drive riskily. However, little is known regarding time perspective, driving skills, and driver behaviors, even though time perspective is an important predictor of many risky behaviors. Time perspective is a general construct of the thoughts relating to present, past, and future. Broadly, (i) past time perspective is related to the recall of reconstructed past scenarios; (ii) present time perspective means attending to immediate and salient stimu...
Citation Formats
D. Ö. Biçer, “Learner driver follow-up study: attitude change and driver behavior,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2015.