Evolution assessment of main stadium structures of summer olympic games: from 1896 to 2012

Download
2015
Madani, Nigar
Main stadium structures of summer Olympic Games are large scale structures which are specifically-designed to accommodate a very crowded amount of people and international many sports competitions of Olympic Games. There are many written documents on Olympic stadiums, however there is scarcity of knowledge on assessment of their physical performances/capacities and evolution in time based on quantitative data. The study, therefore was shaped to examine the inherent physical performances of those structures and to better understand their appropriateness, specifically potentials and limitations, for international and regional prospective events. In total, 26 main stadiums of summer Olympic Games were examined in terms of their spectator capacity performance, physical performance of geometrical layout with a focus on viewing comfort conditions for athletes and spectators, and long-term functioning in reference to the technical recommendations and/or guidelines. The presence of fully-sheltered stands area is essential due to the climatic conditions of host cities. There is a trend of reducing original spectator capacities of Olympic stadiums to the recommended/operable seating capacities during renovations. That vi signals the efforts for achieving to be able to host either many international or regional sports competitions. Non-sports activities, soccer and athletics games are the activity types mostly hosted in stadiums as post-Olympic events. Cultural significance of Olympic stadiums is one of the main determinative factor for their survival while correct positioning of stadiums and their geometric layouts and fully-sheltered stands area, if all three provided, make the stadiums preferable/remarkable for many international sports competitions, specifically soccer and athletics games. The adaptability of Olympic stadiums for regional uses/activities, if foreseen during the design stage, is an encouraging situation for their post-use in accordance with regional preferences. The individual evaluation of each stadium has shown their potentials for specific type(s) of post events as well as pointed out some improvements needed for their functioning in time. The efforts on environmentally sensitive design of stadiums is promising for the long-term functioning of stadiums with a care on environment protection. However, there is a necessity of emphasizing “physical performance requirements defined for stadiums” as sustainability criteria in “the sustainability design technical manuals” for properly-performing stadiums during their lifelong functioning.

Suggestions

Reconsideration of the architectural program of the olympic games /
Dörtdivanlıoğlu, Hayri; Gür, Berin Fatma; Department of Architecture (2014)
The role of ‘architectural program’ in the design phase of the Olympic structures becomes prominent with regard to the processes of development, transformation, and deformation that the cities have undergone by hosting the Olympic Games. Considering the previous examples, especially, the transition from the pre-determined program for the event phase to the indetermined program for the post event phase appears to be the main problem, since it is, generally, not well defined in the beginning of the whole proc...
A Qualitative case study of London 2012 summer olympic games
Öztop, Melih; Koçak, Mehmet Settar; Department of Physical Education and Sports (2017)
The purpose of the study was to explore the London 2012 Summer Olympic stakeholders’ perceptions towards the impact of Olympic Games. Historically London was the single city in terms of hosting the mega event Summer Olympic Games three times. A case study strategy was utilized in this study. Qualitative method was used to investigate London 2012 Olympic Stakeholders’ perceptions towards the impact of Olympic Games. Researcher conducted semi structured interview with 40 Olympic stakeholders. Additionally, re...
Main stadium structures of summer Olympic Games: efficiency assessment of their physical performances
Madani, Nigar; Tavukçuoğlu, Ayşe; Günel, Mehmet Halis (2017-01-29)
Main stadium structures of Summer Olympic Games are large scale structures which are designed in such a way to accommodate thousands of spectators, a crowded athlete population and many sports competitions during Olympic Games. There are many written documents on some architectural and technological features of those structures; however there is scarcity of knowledge on assessment of their physical performances/capacities. The study was shaped to examine the inherent physical performances of main stadiums f...
Acoustical improvement of typical sport halls for multi-purpose use
Ulusoy, Gökçe; Tavukçuoğlu, Ayşe; Çalışkan, Mehmet; Department of Architecture (2014)
In recent years, in addition to the education and sport activities of sport halls, they began to be commonly used for several musical and speech activities, since those structures are available to serve large crowds of people. Most sport halls in Turkey are built as typical projects without considering their potential of use and activity-related acoustical features. The study was conducted on sport halls, the typical projects designed for the Ministry of Education (Code: MEB 2004.63), with the audience capa...
Determination of the Service Quality among Sport and Fitness Centers of the Selected Universities
Aslan, Murat; Koçak, Mehmet Settar (2011-01-01)
Purpose of this study was to determine the service quality among sport and fitness centers of universities. Participants of the study constituted of 484 (194 female, and 290 male) person who are student, academic and administrative staff attending to sport and fitness centers of seven universities in Ankara. The mean age of the participants was 22.45 ± 5.14. The SQAS-T (The Turkish Version of the Service Quality Assessment Scale) was used as instrument. In the statistical analysis, descriptive statistics wa...
Citation Formats
N. Madani, “Evolution assessment of main stadium structures of summer olympic games: from 1896 to 2012,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2015.