Critique of vulnerability discourse through an alternative development approach: a case of seasonal migrant agricultural workers in Turkey

Elçi Çarıkcı, Elif
The purpose of this thesis is to explore, criticize and understand the development discourse and practices targeting vulnerable, disadvantaged, risk groups in development in the case of Seasonal Migrant Agricultural Workers (SMAW) in Turkey. The study is conducted in an alternative development approach from the lenses of development experts and analyses the development discourse and practices targeting SMAW in Turkey since 2000s. For this purpose, the study takes an alternative development theoretical standpoint enriched with post-development approach and operationalizes the research with Foucauldian concept of governmentality.The study argues that vulnerability discourse operates as a technique for regulating and controlling SMAW. And accordingly, it is argued in the thesis that there are two major patterns after 2000s which are the construction of knowledge about SMAW and the construction of power over SMAW. First; vulnerability discourse hides inequalities, homogenizes the target people and normalize the SMAW development issue that constructs monotype and ideological knowledge about SMAW. Second; power over SMAW is constructed based on the ideological knowledge which does not focus on root causes inequalities and it is facilitated by development institutions and development experts.


From cooperative work to seasonal employment: the change of agricultural labor in the case of Çiçekpınar /
Mutioğlu, Melek; Çakmur, Barış; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2014)
This thesis aims at examining agricultural labor change in Çiçekpınar village which has revealed in the form of shift from cooperative work to seasonal employment. It questions the effects of capitalism’s penetration into agricultural life over this shift through initiating the transformation of the forms of production. In this sense, main questions have been organized to scrutinize the transforming production forms through capitalist progress, the specific dynamics and structures behind this transformation...
The Impact of climate change on agricultural production in Mediterranean countries
Atay, Mehmet Ufuk; Sarı, Ramazan; Yücel, İsmail; Department of Earth System Science (2015)
The aim of the study is to determine the impact of climate change on agriculture for Mediterranean countries by employing vulnerability and econometric analysis. At first step, a composite agricultural vulnerability index is created by principal component analysis (PCA) for Mediterranean counties and world’s top 35 cereal producer countries. Then, based on index scores, countries are grouped by cluster analysis. Several indicators are selected from different international databases according to three compon...
Karagence, Mediha Didem; Dolcerocca, Antoıne; Department of Sociology (2022-3)
This research investigates the emerging role of industrial growth in the context of Turkey and its environmental consequences for low-income groups. It examines the concepts from environmental justice studies to focus on how residents of Dilovası, known nationally as cancer valley, give meaning to their environmental problems and experience the potential health and environmental risks. This thesis hopes to contribute the literature from a Turkish case study. Dilovası has a high concentration of factories n...
Class-based resistance dynamics of petty commodity producers: subjective aspects of everyday life in a village of Western Turkey /
Akmeraner, Yeşim; Ecevit, Mehmet Cihan; Erdoğan, Necmi; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2014)
The focus of the thesis is to understand the change in agricultural relations by analyzing the class-based resistance dynamics of petty commodity producers and the subjective character of everyday life on the basis of the field research conducted in a village of Western Turkey. The thesis attempts to include class confrontations embedded in feelings, values, expectations, images while establishing the relation of small peasants and the general social relations within the context of prevailing class experien...
Reasons and consequences of international labor migration of women intoTurkey: Ankara case
Atatimur, Neslihan; Pınarcıoğlu, Mehmet Melih; Department of City and Regional Planning (2008)
The aim of the thesis is to analyze the reasons and consequences of international labor migration of women workers into Turkey. With the process of new global restructuring, transformations in production structure and labor organization, and rise of informal economy widen the gap between different geographies and generate a tied demand and supply relation between female labor and service sector. Today millions of women who suffer from poverty leave their countries in order to sell their labor in another cou...
Citation Formats
E. Elçi Çarıkcı, “Critique of vulnerability discourse through an alternative development approach: a case of seasonal migrant agricultural workers in Turkey,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2016.