A Model for psychological distress among university students: mindfulness, decentering, reframing, and indirect effect of emotion regulation difficulties

2017
Ünlü Kaynakçı, Fatma Zehra
The study aimed to examine the relationship between five facets of mindfulness (observing, describing, acting with awareness, non-judging of experience, and non-reactivity to inner experience), reframing, decentering and psychological distress with the mediating effect of emotion regulation difficulties. The participants of this study were 620 undergraduate students (429 females and 191 males) from a state university in Ankara. Experiences Questionnaire, Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale, Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire, Emotion Regulation Questionnaire, Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale were used to gather data. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) was utilized to test the proposed model. The results revealed that the proposed model fit the data. Decentering, describing, non-judging of inner experience and non-reactivity to inner experience were not directly associated with psychological distress, but they were indirectly related to psychological distress through emotion regulation difficulties. Acting with awareness was both directly and indirectly associated with psychological distress through emotion regulation difficulties. Further, describing, acting with awareness, non-judging of inner experience, non-reactivity to inner experience, decentering were directly and negatively associated with emotion regulation difficulties. The results were discussed in the light of the relevant literature.  

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Citation Formats
F. Z. Ünlü Kaynakçı, “A Model for psychological distress among university students: mindfulness, decentering, reframing, and indirect effect of emotion regulation difficulties,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2017.