Social interaction anxiety among university students: the role of risk and protective factors

Irkörücü Küçük, Ayşe
The present study aimed to test a proposed model investigating the role of cognitive reappraisal, expressive suppression, rumination, and anxiety sensitivity in predicting social interaction anxiety through the indirect effect of mindfulness and experiential avoidance. A total of 645 (296 female, 349 male) undergraduate students participated in the study. Data collection instruments were the Demographic Information Form, Social Interaction Anxiety Scale, Emotion Regulation Questionnaire, The Ruminative Response Scale, Anxiety Sensitivity Index-3, Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II and Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale. The SEM analysis revealed that the tested model significantly predicted social interaction anxiety of undergraduate students. In relation to direct effects, the relationships between cognitive reappraisal, expressive suppression, and anxiety sensitivity to social interaction anxiety were found significant; while rumination did not predict social interaction anxiety. The findings showed that expressive suppression, rumination, anxiety sensitivity had a positive relationship with social interaction anxiety through the indirect effect of mindfulness; while cognitive reappraisal did not show significant results on social interaction anxiety through the indirect effect of mindfulness. Experiential avoidance had significant indirect effects on the relationhsips between social interaction anxiety and cognitive reappraisal, rumination, and anxiety sensitivity; while expressive suppression did not indicate any significant relationship. The findings of the study showed that the proposed model explained 36% of the variance in social interaction anxiety among undergraduate students.


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The study aimed to examine the relationship between five facets of mindfulness (observing, describing, acting with awareness, non-judging of experience, and non-reactivity to inner experience), reframing, decentering and psychological distress with the mediating effect of emotion regulation difficulties. The participants of this study were 620 undergraduate students (429 females and 191 males) from a state university in Ankara. Experiences Questionnaire, Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale, Five Facet Mindf...
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The present study was aimed at investigating to what extent mindfulness of senior students was predicted by their burnout levels. 449 senior students (349 female, 100 male) studying at the Education Faculty of Middle East Technical University (215 students) and Gazi University (234 students) participated in this study. Participants were chosen by convenience sampling method. The data was collected through a demographic data form, Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale and Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Sc...
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Stress generation in depression: Three studies on its resilience, possible mechanism, and symptom specificity
Joiner, TE; Wingate, LR; Gençöz, Tülin; Gençöz, Faruk (Guilford Publications, 2005-03-01)
Three longitudinal studies examined several issues related to stress generation in depressive symptoms among undergraduates, with emphasis on mechanisms of stress generation. Study 1 replicated the stress generation effect reported in past research. Study 2 replicated Study 1's findings and, furthermore, supported the symptom specificity of stress generation to depressive versus anxious symptoms, and, perhaps most important, found that increases in hopelessness fully accounted for the stress generation find...
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The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between interpersonal problems and dysfunctional beliefs associated with personality disorders, within the framework of cognitive theory of personality disorders. Based on the proposition of cognitive theory, different dimensions of interpersonal problems which were assessed through the coordinates of interpersonal circumplex model were expected to be associated with specific categories of personality beliefs namely, deprecating, inflated, and ambivalent...
Citation Formats
A. Irkörücü Küçük, “Social interaction anxiety among university students: the role of risk and protective factors,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2018.