Procrastination: testing a self-determination theory based model

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2018
Serhatoğlu, Sevgi
The purpose of this study was to test a model investigating the role of basic psychological needs satisfaction in predicting procrastination through the indirect effect of depression, self-esteem and self-control. The constructed model was based on self-determination theory, in which procrastination was considered as a compensatory motive for unfulfilled needs. The sample consisted of 721 undergraduate students (466 females, 252 males, 3 did not indicate gender) selected from a private university in Ankara. Basic Psychological Needs Scale, Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Self-Control Schedule, Demographic Information Form and Tuckman Procrastination Scale were used as data collection instruments. Path analysis was used to test the fit between the proposed model and the data. The results showed that data fit the model. Procrastination was negatively predicted from competence need satisfaction and self-control; and positively predicted from depression and relatedness need satisfaction. Self-control was predicted negatively from depression and positively from competence need satisfaction and self-esteem, whereas self-esteem was predicted positively from autonomy need satisfaction and competence need satisfaction. Depression was predicted positively from competence need satisfaction and negatively from self-esteem. The findings suggested that self-esteem and self-control fully mediated the relationship between autonomy need satisfaction and procrastination; and also partially mediated the relationship between competence need satisfaction and procrastination. In addition, depression and self-control partially mediated the relationship between competence need satisfaction and procrastination. The findings of the study were discussed within the need based self-determination theory framework by shedding light onto the procrastination literature from an alternative perspective.
Citation Formats
S. Serhatoğlu, “Procrastination: testing a self-determination theory based model,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2018.