Surplus-receivers (Zevaid-Horan) from imperial waqfs: between philanthropy and political economy

Aslanmirza, Özge
This study examines the place of surplus-receivers in the waqf institutions through their contribution to the philanthropy and the political economy of the 16th-17th century Ottoman Empire. The study specifically focuses on surplus-receivers to reveal who they are, what their place and importance in the waqf, how and on which base they were assigned to these duties and how they can be interpreted in the context of the philanthropy by the examination of mainly the registers of zevāid-horān and waqf account books. As complementary sources, the şer’iyye sicils (court registers), waqfiyye (foundation deed) and mühimmes (registers of important affairs), tevcihs (officials document of assigning a duty), arz-ı hal (petition) are analyzed. The examination and analysis of the sources set forth that the surplus-receivers were composed of variety of people, from poor to the (retired) high-ranking officers and they got payment from the budget surplus of the waqf though they were not stipulated in the foundation deed. It is revealed that this group is a mean for providing social security by sustaining high-ranking officers and also a vehicle for providing social welfare.  


Socio-economic and socio-political developments in Palestine under the British mandate : 1917-1939
Karaş, Esin; Şeker, Nesim; Department of Middle East Studies (2009)
This thesis analyzes the origins of the Arab-Jewish conflict and the historical evolvement of the Palestinian issue by focusing on the practices during the British mandate period. First and foremost, the factors which transformed the Jewish question into the Palestinian question are elaborated. In this context, the emergence of modern political Zionism is presented as the landmark incident in arousing the interest of the Jews dispersed all around the world in the colonization of their promised lands. Althou...
The International news agencies in the Ottoman Empire (1854-1908)
Yanatma, Servet; Ergut, Ferdan; Department of History (2015)
This dissertation explores the establishment, development and activities of international news agencies, particularly Reuter and Havas in the Ottoman Empire; and their relations with the Ottoman State. While the European imperialism dominated the nineteenth century, international communication was one of the main necessities of this expansion. The agencies, which mainly began their services in the mid-nineteenth century, became one of the significant tools of this expansion with the advent of telegraph. Aft...
The Role of cultural heritage in international politics: an analysis of the negative heritage sites in UNESCO world heritage
Tomaz, Gamze Zehra; Çıtak Aytürk, Zana Ayşe; Department of International Relations (2020)
This thesis analyses the role of cultural heritage in international politics by focusing on UNESCO and its management of negative heritage sites. The thesis first examines the historical development of the cultural heritage management system. Then, UNESCO and its management system are introduced by looking into World Heritage List and components of the system. Lastly, negative heritage sites in UNESCO World Heritage List are evaluated. By focusing on conflictual nature of the cultural heritage, it is propos...
Cradle or crucible - Anatolia and archaeology in the early years of the Turkish Republic (1923-1938)
Atakuman, Çiğdem (2008-06-01)
The Turkish History Thesis of the 1930s played an influential role in the construction of the discipline of archaeology in the early years of the Turkish Republic. The Thesis argued that the Turks belonged to a high culture that brought civilization to many parts of the world through episodes of migration from their original homeland in Central Asia. Following the launch of the first series of state-supported excavations in 1933, the arguments of the Thesis took on more specific forms. TWO important points ...
Displaying cultural heritage, defining collective identity: museums from the late Ottoman Empire to the early Turkish Republic
Gürol Öngören, Pelin; Altan, Tomris Elvan; Department of History (2012)
As the powerful visual instruments of modernity, museums have been formulated in multiple narratives under the impact of political ideologies in the modern world. The study aims to analyze the museums of different socio-political contexts of the late Ottoman Empire and the early Turkish Republic comparatively by examining to what extent their buildings, collections, and displaying methods were utilized in the formation of collective identities as part of contemporary imperialist, nationalist, and modernist ...
Citation Formats
Ö. Aslanmirza, “Surplus-receivers (Zevaid-Horan) from imperial waqfs: between philanthropy and political economy,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2017.