Surplus-receivers (Zevaid-Horan) from imperial waqfs: between philanthropy and political economy

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2017
Aslanmirza, Özge
This study examines the place of surplus-receivers in the waqf institutions through their contribution to the philanthropy and the political economy of the 16th-17th century Ottoman Empire. The study specifically focuses on surplus-receivers to reveal who they are, what their place and importance in the waqf, how and on which base they were assigned to these duties and how they can be interpreted in the context of the philanthropy by the examination of mainly the registers of zevāid-horān and waqf account books. As complementary sources, the şer’iyye sicils (court registers), waqfiyye (foundation deed) and mühimmes (registers of important affairs), tevcihs (officials document of assigning a duty), arz-ı hal (petition) are analyzed. The examination and analysis of the sources set forth that the surplus-receivers were composed of variety of people, from poor to the (retired) high-ranking officers and they got payment from the budget surplus of the waqf though they were not stipulated in the foundation deed. It is revealed that this group is a mean for providing social security by sustaining high-ranking officers and also a vehicle for providing social welfare.  

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Citation Formats
Ö. Aslanmirza, “Surplus-receivers (Zevaid-Horan) from imperial waqfs: between philanthropy and political economy,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2017.