Essays on quasi-experimental studies in labor economics

Öztürk, Ahmet
This dissertation consists of two empirical papers that explore the causal relationship between education and labor market outcomes in Turkey based on quasi-experimental methods. The instrumental variable strategy has the potential to accurately estimate the true rate of return to schooling, but good instruments are hard to find. In the first essay of the thesis, I develop a new instrument from an unexpected decline in graduates and new admissions in post-secondary education from the student protests in the late 1970s and the coup in 1980. Using the 2005 Turkish Household Labor Force Survey, my instrumental variables estimates suggest that the economic return to an additional year of schooling in Turkey ranges between 11.6-12.8 percent for men. Moreover, I find that the decline in educational attainment due to student protests shifted the affected population from high-income occupations toward low-income ones. In the second essay, I examine the spillover effect of a large-scale primary school construction program (as part of the 1997 compulsory schooling law) on high school attainment and labor force participation using the 2011 Population and Housing Census. I employ a difference-in-differences strategy exploiting provincial differences in the intensity of construction program and the variation in exposure across birth cohorts induced by the timing of the program. The estimates suggest that the construction program increased the high school attainment rate by 2.1-2.4 percentage points for men and by 2.3-2.5 percentage points for women. While the program had no significant effects for the male labor force participation, it led to a 2.2-2.6 percentage point rise for the female labor force participation. 


Essays on informality in the Turkish labor market
Kan, Elif Öznur; Tansel, Aysıt; Department of Economics (2012)
This thesis investigates the nature, extent and dynamics of informal employment in the Turkish labor market using 2006-2009 Turkish Income and Living Conditions Survey. It is mainly a collection of three essays. In the first essay, an attempt is made to analyze the relevance and implications of three alternative characterizations of informality which include an enterprise-based definition associating informality with small firms, an extended enterprise-based definition incorporating social security protecti...
Persistence of informal employment in Turkey
Başak, Zeynep; Taymaz, Erol; Department of Economics (2013)
The primary aim of this study is to examine the persistence of informal employment in Turkey and to test two hypotheses proposed by labor market segmentation theory (LMS) which suggest that there are persistent wage, security, working conditions, and control mechanisms differentials between the various segments of the labor market and the labor mobility between the segments is limited. In doing so, two data sets have been utilized: the Household Labor Force Survey (2006-2011) and the retrospective labor mar...
A Comparison of Human Values Among Students From Postcommunist Turkic Republics and Turkey
Dirilen-Gumus, Ozlem; Sümer, Nebi (2013-11-01)
This study aims to compare the value structure of university students from postcommunist Turkic republics and Turkey within the framework of Schwartz and Bardi's (1997) acclimation and compensation hypothesis. Participants from four Turkic republics (N = 269; Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, and Azerbaijan) and Turkey (N = 286) completed the Portrait Values Questionnaire. The results indicated that students from postcommunist countries reported higher levels of embeddedness and lower levels of intellec...
Review of Studies Related to Pedagogical Content Knowledge in the Context of Science Teacher Education: Turkish Case
Aydin, Sevgi; Boz, Yezdan (2012-12-01)
As a review study, the present study was carried out in order to introduce PCK construct to researchers and evaluate which aspects of PCK were studied in our country, and, finally, make recommendations in light of the analysis of the studies for further research. For this purpose, ERIC database, YOK (Higher Education Council) database were searched by using "Pedagogical Content Knowledge" as keyword. Moreover, journals published in Turkey and which are possible to be reached electronically were searched usi...
Local class relations within the dialectics of value and socialisation: the case of Kayseri
Gündoğdu, İbrahim; Şengül, Hüseyin Tarık; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2015)
This dissertation analyses the recent industrialisation process in Kayseri from a particular theoretical perspective that focusses on the relations between capital and labour, labour regime in particular. However, it is neither a theoretical study on industrial accumulation nor an empirical investigation for a local industrial growth; but rather a theoretically-informed analysis of the development of class contradictions between capital and labour within the city of Kayseri where a remarkable level of (priv...
Citation Formats
A. Öztürk, “Essays on quasi-experimental studies in labor economics,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2017.