Critical discourse analysis of gender policy in Turkish education: evidence from policy documents and print media

Download
2017
Küçükakın Mercan, Pınar
The purpose of the study was threefold: (1) to examine policy discourses on gender policy in education in the last decade in Turkey, (2) to examine media discourses on gender policy in education in the last decade in Turkey, and (3) to examine teachers’ views of gender policy in education in the last decade in Turkey. The study utilized critical discourse analysis as a research tool to investigate the discursive implications of gender equality/inequality in education embedded in language and information of educational policy documents and print media. The textual discourse analysis involved 124 publicly available policy documents published by 12 organizations and a total of 252 newspaper clippings published in 14 different national newspapers in the last decade. In order to investigate the perceptions of teachers regarding these policies and news reports, interviews were conducted with 13 teachers working at different levels of education in Ankara. Results indicated that there were indicators of gender inequalities at each stage of policy making, from policy formulation to implementation. While official statements seemed to be in line with gender equality perspective, inconsistencies underlying most educational policies created a political reality causing gender inequalities in Turkish context. It was also revealed that media coverage of this policy discourse reinforced the ways patriarchy and policy collides in Turkey. Participating teachers provided examples of sexist practices at schools stemming from gender norms and dominant patriarchal culture. Namely, structure of the curriculum, sexist practices and gender discrimination at schools created gender inequalities in education.

Suggestions

Gender differences in academic performance in a large public university in Turkey
Dayıoğlu Tayfur, Meltem (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2007-02-01)
The paper attempts to determine whether there are significant gender differences in academic performance among undergraduate students in a large public university in Turkey based on three indicators; university entrance scores, performance in the English preparatory school and in the program the student is majoring in. The paper finds that a smaller number of female students manage to enter the university and when they do so, they enter with lower scores. However, once they are admitted to the university, t...
Preschool teachers' beliefs and practices related to child-centred education in Turkey
Sak, Ramazan; Erden, Feyza; Morrison, George S (2018-01-01)
This study describes the beliefs, self-reported practices and actual practices related to child-centred education of five female preschool teachers in Ankara, Turkey, and assesses the consistency between the participants' beliefs and practices. Data were collected through interviews, classroom observations and document review. The results indicated that the participant teachers' beliefs and practices as expressed through instructional activities, relationships, behaviour management, assessment, parental inv...
Gender and sexual identity construction in early childhood education: the case of a private kindergarten in Ankara
Şalgam, Didem; Bodirsky, Katharina; Department of Sociology (2014)
This thesis investigates gender and sexual identity construction in early childhood education in Turkey. The aim of the thesis is to understand how heteronormativity operates in childcare institutions and how children are socialized into social roles of gender and sexuality in early childhood education. This thesis also seeks to understand how children internalize and resist to/challenge gender and sexuality norms that are being imposed on them. The thesis is based on two and a half months of ethnographic f...
Gender, Religiosity, Sexual Activity, Sexual Knowledge, and Attitudes Toward Controversial Aspects of Sexuality
Sümer, Zeynep (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2015-12-01)
The purpose of this study is to examine the role of gender, religiosity, sexual activity, and sexual knowledge in predicting attitudes toward controversial aspects of sexuality among Turkish university students. Participants were 162 female and 135 male undergraduate students who were recruited on a volunteer basis from an urban state university in Turkey. The SKAT-A Attitude Scale along with background information form, sexual activities inventory, and sexual knowledge scale were administered to the partic...
Perceived parental attitudes of Turkish college students towards dating and premarital sexual behaviors : the role of students' gender & parental marital status
Şahin, Başak; Öner Özkan, Bengi; Department of Psychology (2005)
The aim of this study is to measure the perceived parental attitudes of Turkish college students towards dating and premarital sexual behavior and to examine how these attitudes differ with respect to gender of the students and parental marital status. The participants of the present study were 160 college students. Participants were asked to fill out a questionnaire, with two scales, which were measuring perceived parental attitudes toward dating behavior and perceived parental attitudes toward premarital ...
Citation Formats
P. Küçükakın Mercan, “Critical discourse analysis of gender policy in Turkish education: evidence from policy documents and print media,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2017.