Futurist thinking in urbanism: a retrospective & prospective view in the global context of transforming socio-economic structures

Download
2018
Efeoğlu, Hulusi Eren
The idea of future has always emerged as a major concept for humanity. Each and every period of the civilizations, there has been always a motivation for people to manifest their ideal futures. In the context of urbanism, the intellectual capacity of utopian thinking has influenced most of the discussions on urbanism during the history. In this regard, destructive impacts of industrial revolutions have become the triggering forces to construct the ideal image of the future city. When the first industrial revolution occurred, most of the people were not aware of the forthcoming changes that were going to affect their life significantly, as it happened in the second and the third industrial revolutions. While each industrial revolution brought unexpected outcomes, utopian thinking has generated responses to overcome those negative impacts. Today, we are on the verge of another industrial revolution. Unlike the previous ones, the fourth industrial revolution is expected to change not only the way to produce things but also to change ‘us’ (Schwab, 2016). Therefore, it is possible to claim that the forthcoming era will completely alter the current socio-economic structure. The subject is a newly emerging issue, yet the intellectual history of futurist thinking together with the contemporary future urban models and speculative projects would provide the guidance to generate prospective ideas for the possible future. In this context, the main purpose of the research is to examine the existence and validity of futuristic thinking in urbanism in the context of emerging concepts of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, and to revisit the reconstruction of the idea of future urbanism within the framework of utopian thought.

Suggestions

The Transformation of gecekondu phenomenon via visual and spatial narratives
Özalp, Öncü; Sargın, Güven Arif; Department of Architecture (2017)
This thesis aims narrating the transformation of gecekondu phenomenon from use to exchange value via visual and spatial narratives by starting from the 1940s to the first half of the 1980s in Turkey. While the concentration of important breaks and ruptures during this transformation process are evaluated through discussions on use value of space and representations indicating visual narratives of successive spatial changes of gecekondu in its commodification process, the spatial qualities it possesses are e...
Intersubjectivity and the problem of freedom in the philosophy of Hegel
Ateşoğlu, Güçlü; İnam, Ahmet; Department of Philosophy (2003)
Hegel's system, with a purpose of being the newest philosophy, represents a turning point in the history of thought. In contrast to the philosophical thoguht of Enlightenment which seperates branches of knowledge, or that of philosophy, Hegel tries to recombine them. In this study, I intend to reveal the close connection of the concepts appeared in the two works of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, namely, The Phenomenology of Spirit (Phänomenologie des Geistes) and Elements of the Philosophy of Right (Grundli...
Human territorial functioning at the scale of residential environments
Memlük Çobanoğlu, Nihan Oya; Akkar Ercan, Zübeyde Müge; Department of City and Regional Planning (2019)
Beginning from the late 20th century, increasing dynamism and mobility in the daily life of urban residents along with the advances in transportation and communication technologies deemphasized the decisive role of spatial proximity in the establishment of social relations as well as access to resources. Nevertheless, contact with the near home environment is still important for the cognitive, emotional, and moral development of individuals. Correspondingly, man-environment relations also took new conceptio...
Becoming non- blasé: slowness via urbanisation
Erdal, Berrak; Sargın, Güven Arif; Department of Architecture (2014)
In accordance with the rise of industrialization and technology, the “urban form” reshapes itself as the production relations and the new modern life find a unique way of transformation simultaneously. One of the factors behind that new urbanism is the time-space compression that accelerates the experience of time and reduces the significance of distance. With the impact of speed, the society develops a reaction, which is no reaction at all, as Georg Simmel defines as blasé attitude. In this thesis, a non-b...
Foresight 6.0: The New Generation of Technology Foresight
Cifci, Hasan; Yuksel, Nurdan (2018-06-20)
Futures studies have always been important for people to anticipate the future and take actions. Since technology is for society, Future oriented Technology Analyses (FTA) have been widely implemented based on different concepts through different dimensions. Foresight, one of the FTA, has evolved throughout its journey within its generations until today. In this article, foresight generations in the literature are put forth as grouped and the framework of new technology foresight generation as sixth generat...
Citation Formats
H. E. Efeoğlu, “Futurist thinking in urbanism: a retrospective & prospective view in the global context of transforming socio-economic structures,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2018.