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Biochemistry, genetics and regulation of bacilysin biosynthesis and its significance more than an antibiotic

Özcengiz, Gülay
Ögülür, İsmail
Bacillus subtilis has the capacity to produce more than two dozen bioactive compounds with an amazing variety of chemical structures. Among them, bacilysin is a non-ribosomally synthesized dipeptide antibiotic consisting of L-alanine residue at the N terminus and a non-proteinogenic amino acid, L-anticapsin, at the C terminus. In spite of its simple structure, it is active against a wide range of bacteria and fungi. As a potent antimicrobial agent, we briefly review the biochemistry and genetics as well as the regulation of bacilysin biosynthesis within the frame of peptide pheromones-based control of secondary activities. Biological functions of bacilysin in the producer B. subtilis beyond its antimicrobial activity as well as potential biotechnological use of the biosynthetic enzyme L-amino acid ligase (Lal) are also discussed.