Impact of the 1999 East Marmara Earthquake in Turkey

Kasapoglu, A
Ecevit, Mehmet Cihan
This paper studies responses to the 1999 Marmara Earthquake (Turkey) in which 18,000 people died, 50,000 people were injured, there were 5,000 building collapses and 340,000 damaged buildings, 14,513 businesses closed, 150,000 people became unemployed, and 129,338 were forced to live in prefabricated houses. This research is based on a survey comprising 500 interviews carried out a year after the earthquake. Responsible behavior as the dependent variable is statistically tested with several socio-demographic and attitude variables. The findings indicate social solidarity, knowledge, basic needs, desire for change and psychological status of the disaster survivors were all adversely affected. It was observed that education, employment, social security, knowledge and fatalism have varying impacts on responsible behavior related to preparedness for future earthquakes.


Demographic and psychosocial features and their effects on the survivors of the 1999 earthquake in Turkey
Ecevit, Mehmet Cihan (2002-01-01)
A survey was conducted of 500 survivors of the 1999 earthquake in Turkey to investigate their levels of alienation and forms of preparedness for future disasters. It was found that the level of alienation in general is not very significant and that level of education is the most important influential independent variable, The only alienation component found to have a negative impact on the responsible behavior related to preparedness for earthquakes was the social isolation variable. As level of education i...
GIS-based structural performance Assessment of Sakarya City after 1999 Kocaeli-Turkey earthquake from geotechnical and earthquake engineering point of view
Yılmaz, Zeynep; Çetin, Kemal Önder; Department of Civil Engineering (2004)
The August 17, 1999 Kocaeli-Turkey Earthquake (Mw=7.4) caused severe damage to the structures and lifelines in the Marmara region. Soil liquefaction was identified as one of the major causes of this damage. The aim of this study is to determine geotechnical and earthquake engineering factors that contribute to the structural damage observed in Sakarya city after 1999 Kocaeli Earthquake. For this purpose, the results of an extensive field investigation program compiled by General Directorate of Disaster Affa...
Recent changes in Turkish disasters policy: A strategical reorientation?
Balamir, M (2000-06-24)
Early morning at 03:15 on the 17th of August 1999, the devastating 45 second 7.4 Richter value Marmara earthquake took more than 18,000 lives in Western Turkey, the more developed industrial heartland of the country.1 The event left 300,000 dwelling units and more than 50,000 business premises in debris, forcing a population of nearly 600,000 to seek emergency shelter. A second traumatic incidence of similar magnitude took place a step further east on the same fault line, only three months later on the 12th...
Structural rehabilitation of damaged RC buildings after the 1 october 1995 Dinar earthquake
Wasti, ST; Sucuoğlu, Haluk; Utku, M (2001-04-01)
This paper contains technical information related to the Dinar project for the rehabilitation of moderately damaged reinforced concrete buildings after the 1 October 1995 Dinar earthquake. The structural appraisal of the damaged buildings, analytical studies leading to decisions regarding structural rehabilitation or demolition, the supervision on site of the rehabilitation and the overall coordination of the project was entrusted to the Middle East Technical University Earthquake Engineering Research Cente...
Civil society and the state: Turkey after the earthquake
Jalali, R (2002-06-01)
On 17 August 1999 Turkey was hit by a massive earthquake. Over 17,000 lives were lost and there was extensive damage to Turkey's heartland This paper examines how various public and private institutions, including state and civil society institutions such as NGOs and the media responded to the needs of earthquake survivors. It documents the extensive involvement of NGOs in the relief efforts immediately after the disaster and examines the impact of such participation on state-civil society relations in the ...
Citation Formats
A. Kasapoglu and M. C. Ecevit, “Impact of the 1999 East Marmara Earthquake in Turkey,” POPULATION AND ENVIRONMENT, pp. 339–358, 2003, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: