Demographic and psychosocial features and their effects on the survivors of the 1999 earthquake in Turkey

A survey was conducted of 500 survivors of the 1999 earthquake in Turkey to investigate their levels of alienation and forms of preparedness for future disasters. It was found that the level of alienation in general is not very significant and that level of education is the most important influential independent variable, The only alienation component found to have a negative impact on the responsible behavior related to preparedness for earthquakes was the social isolation variable. As level of education increases and social isolation decreases, responsible behavior increases. The existence of little such research in developing societies like Turkey increases the importance of this work and it is expected that it will have a positive impact on similar future studies.


Impact of the 1999 East Marmara Earthquake in Turkey
Kasapoglu, A; Ecevit, Mehmet Cihan (2003-03-01)
This paper studies responses to the 1999 Marmara Earthquake (Turkey) in which 18,000 people died, 50,000 people were injured, there were 5,000 building collapses and 340,000 damaged buildings, 14,513 businesses closed, 150,000 people became unemployed, and 129,338 were forced to live in prefabricated houses. This research is based on a survey comprising 500 interviews carried out a year after the earthquake. Responsible behavior as the dependent variable is statistically tested with several socio-demographi...
Civil society and the state: Turkey after the earthquake
Jalali, R (2002-06-01)
On 17 August 1999 Turkey was hit by a massive earthquake. Over 17,000 lives were lost and there was extensive damage to Turkey's heartland This paper examines how various public and private institutions, including state and civil society institutions such as NGOs and the media responded to the needs of earthquake survivors. It documents the extensive involvement of NGOs in the relief efforts immediately after the disaster and examines the impact of such participation on state-civil society relations in the ...
Evaluation of alluvial deposits in Gemlik basin in terms of earthquake codes.
Avşar, Ulaş; Doyuran, Vedat; Department of Geological Engineering (2006)
Gemlik County is located in the Marmara Region (NW Turkey), which has been affected by destructive earthquakes sourced from North Anatolian Fault System throughout its history. The bulk of the settlement rests on alluvial deposits of the Gemlik pull-apart basin. So, it is vital to investigate the foundation soils in this basin and the response of them to earthquakes. Many earthquake codes were established by the authorities in different countries of the world to estimate the possible ground shaking and seis...
GIS-based structural performance Assessment of Sakarya City after 1999 Kocaeli-Turkey earthquake from geotechnical and earthquake engineering point of view
Yılmaz, Zeynep; Çetin, Kemal Önder; Department of Civil Engineering (2004)
The August 17, 1999 Kocaeli-Turkey Earthquake (Mw=7.4) caused severe damage to the structures and lifelines in the Marmara region. Soil liquefaction was identified as one of the major causes of this damage. The aim of this study is to determine geotechnical and earthquake engineering factors that contribute to the structural damage observed in Sakarya city after 1999 Kocaeli Earthquake. For this purpose, the results of an extensive field investigation program compiled by General Directorate of Disaster Affa...
Exploring Factors Associated with Psychological Resilience Among Earthquake Survivors from Turkey
Ikizer, Gozde; Karancı, Ayşe Nuray; Dogulu, Canay (2016-01-01)
This study aimed to explore factors associated with psychological resilience in a sample of 360 survivors of the two earthquakes in Van, Turkey in 2011. Using a survey with measures on various pre-, within-, and post-disaster variables, it has been shown that psychological resilience was influenced by multiple factors, providing empirical evidence for a multifactorial understanding of resilience. Furthermore, the study extended the traditional ways of resilience assessment by including stress-coping ability...
Citation Formats
M. C. Ecevit, “Demographic and psychosocial features and their effects on the survivors of the 1999 earthquake in Turkey,” SOCIAL BEHAVIOR AND PERSONALITY, pp. 195–202, 2002, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: