Recent changes in Turkish disasters policy: A strategical reorientation?

Balamir, M
Early morning at 03:15 on the 17th of August 1999, the devastating 45 second 7.4 Richter value Marmara earthquake took more than 18,000 lives in Western Turkey, the more developed industrial heartland of the country.1 The event left 300,000 dwelling units and more than 50,000 business premises in debris, forcing a population of nearly 600,000 to seek emergency shelter. A second traumatic incidence of similar magnitude took place a step further east on the same fault line, only three months later on the 12th of November. The estimated losses are around 7–8 billion US$, more than a third of the annual total GNP of Turkey. Human suffering, social and psychological impacts of these events have been deep and lasting. The respectability of the public authorities was impaired, and the interests of the industry were seriously damaged, unlike many of the previous occurrences of equally grave disasters that took place at the distant eastern provinces. This generated a strong national consensus and will-power to devise new and effective methods of tackling with disasters. Since then, much effort and debate has been taking place in the political, official and academic circles to refresh the attitudes, methods of management, the structure of responsibilities, and revise the related legal framework.


GIS-based structural performance Assessment of Sakarya City after 1999 Kocaeli-Turkey earthquake from geotechnical and earthquake engineering point of view
Yılmaz, Zeynep; Çetin, Kemal Önder; Department of Civil Engineering (2004)
The August 17, 1999 Kocaeli-Turkey Earthquake (Mw=7.4) caused severe damage to the structures and lifelines in the Marmara region. Soil liquefaction was identified as one of the major causes of this damage. The aim of this study is to determine geotechnical and earthquake engineering factors that contribute to the structural damage observed in Sakarya city after 1999 Kocaeli Earthquake. For this purpose, the results of an extensive field investigation program compiled by General Directorate of Disaster Affa...
Impact of the 1999 East Marmara Earthquake in Turkey
Kasapoglu, A; Ecevit, Mehmet Cihan (2003-03-01)
This paper studies responses to the 1999 Marmara Earthquake (Turkey) in which 18,000 people died, 50,000 people were injured, there were 5,000 building collapses and 340,000 damaged buildings, 14,513 businesses closed, 150,000 people became unemployed, and 129,338 were forced to live in prefabricated houses. This research is based on a survey comprising 500 interviews carried out a year after the earthquake. Responsible behavior as the dependent variable is statistically tested with several socio-demographi...
Post disaster temporary houses : the production of place in the case of 1999 Marmara Earthquakes in Kocaeli
Baş, Sibel; Cengizkan, Ali; Department of Architecture (2011)
This master thesis will be focusing on prefabricated temporary houses and settlements in Kocaeli – as a place-making process – throughout post disaster reconstruction period of 1999 Marmara Earthquakes. Main stimulant for this research is the lack of acknowledgement of transforming urban and social environments under the overwhelming forces of disasters both in academic and professional domains in the country. Appropriation and self-identification of temporary accommodation is a way of adaptation and a reac...
Structural and Non-Structural Countermeasures and Awareness Studies After the Tsunami Disaster: Case of Japan
GÜLER, HASAN GÖKHAN; Ozer Sozdinler, Ceren; Arikawa, Taro; Yalçıner, Ahmet Cevdet (2018-09-01)
Tsunami generated by the earthquake with a magnitude of 9.0 on March, 11, 2011 caused a high number of casualties and significant economic loss. Planning and reconstruction studies following the 2011 Tsunami in Japan are important examples of countermeasures to be taken against tsunamis In this study, observations from two field surveys conducted after five years following the tsunami event, focusing on structural and non-structural countermeasures in addition to disaster management and creation of disaster...
Undrained cyclic shear and deformation behavior of silt-clay mixtures of Adapazan, Turkey
Yilmaz, MT; Pekcan, Onur; Bakir, BS (2004-09-01)
The city of Adapazari, which is mostly located on a deep alluvial basin in the near field of the ruptured fault, experienced substantial damage during the 17 August 1999 Kocaeli (Izmit), Turkey earthquake (M-w 7.4). Besides over 2800 collapsed and heavily damaged buildings in the city, numerous cases of displacements of various forms and levels occurred at the building foundations. The undrained shear and deformation behavior of silt-clay mixtures encountered at the sites with significant foundation displac...
Citation Formats
M. Balamir, “Recent changes in Turkish disasters policy: A strategical reorientation?,” 2000, vol. 3, p. 207, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: