Personal resources, coping self-efficacy, and quake exposure as predictors of psychological distress following the 1999 earthquake in Turkey

This study examined the predictive power of personal resources (i.e., self-esteem, optimism, and perceived control), severity of earthquake experience (i.e., material and human loss and perceived threat), and coping self-efficacy (CSE) on general distress, intrusion, and avoidance symptoms among the survivors of the 1999 Marmara earthquake in Turkey. Specifically, we expected that CSE would mediate the links between personal resources, severity of earthquake experience, and distress. Survivors (N = 336) filled out various measures of earthquake exposure, personal resources, CSE, and distress. Results of the path analyses indicated that personal resources, earthquake experiences, CSE, and gender have direct effects on intrusion and general distress. Personal resources had also an indirect effect on general distress mediated by CSE. Findings were discussed considering the implications for conservation of resources model and social cognitive theory as well as for interventions following natural disasters.


Demographic and psychosocial features and their effects on the survivors of the 1999 earthquake in Turkey
Ecevit, Mehmet Cihan (2002-01-01)
A survey was conducted of 500 survivors of the 1999 earthquake in Turkey to investigate their levels of alienation and forms of preparedness for future disasters. It was found that the level of alienation in general is not very significant and that level of education is the most important influential independent variable, The only alienation component found to have a negative impact on the responsible behavior related to preparedness for earthquakes was the social isolation variable. As level of education i...
Predictive factors of posttraumatic stress and posttraumatic growth among the survivors of Van, 2011, earthquakes’ trauma
Elçi , Özcan; Bozo Özen, Özlem; Department of Psychology (2021-2-08)
Earthquakes, like other natural major disasters involves trauma resulting from exposure and/or witnessing to deaths and injuries, extreme fear of threatening situations, loss of a significant one, monetary loss and need of extreme physical power. On the other hand, the survivors may have also present positive changes in face of adversity. In present study, both negative and positive impacts of Van earthquakes which happened in 23rd of October and 9th of November 2011 are examined. 630 volunteer teachers fro...
Environmental and individual resources, perception of the event, cognitive processing and coping as factors leading to posttraumatic growth among the survivor of myocardial infarction patients and their spouses
Şenol-Durak, Emre; Ayvaşık, H. Belgin; Department of Psychology (2007)
Posttraumatic Growth (PTG), known as “antithesis” of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) (Tedeschi, Park, & Calhoun, 1998, p.3), has been highlighted in the literature as a positive outcome of the trauma.In the literature, environmental resources (e.g., social and familial support), individual resources (e.g., personality traits, socio-demographic variables), perception of the event (e.g., type of trauma, duration of trauma), cognitive processing (e.g. impact of event, religious participation), and coping...
Investigation of personal qualities contributing to psyhological resilience among earthquake survivors : a model testing study
Karaırmak, Özlem; Owen, Dean; Department of Educational Sciences (2007)
This study is designed to investigate the relationships among affective and cognitive personal qualities leading to psychological resilience among natural disaster survivors. The main assumption of this study is that positive personal qualities might be associated with better psychological adjustment. The study aimed at testing a hypothesized theoretical model accounting for resilience with regard to personal qualities. The sample for this study was composed of individuals who were exposed to earthquakes th...
Positive outcomes among the 1999 Düzce earthquake survivors: earthquake preparedness behavior and posttraumatic growth
Şakiroğlu, Mehmet; Gençöz, Tülin; Department of Psychology (2011)
The current study aimed to examine two potential positive outcomes of an earthquake experience, namely posttraumatic growth (PTG) and earthquake preparedness behavior. Variables that may be related to PTG and earthquake preparedness behavior were examined after earthquake victimization by using two models, which were the Person Relative to Event (PrE) Model (Mulilis & Duval, 1997) to understand earthquake preparedness behavior, and Model of Life Crises and Personal Growth (Schaefer & Moos, 1992) to understa...
Citation Formats
N. SÜMER, A. N. Karancı, S. Kazak Berument, and H. Gunes, “Personal resources, coping self-efficacy, and quake exposure as predictors of psychological distress following the 1999 earthquake in Turkey,” JOURNAL OF TRAUMATIC STRESS, pp. 331–342, 2005, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: