Identification of possible source areas of stone raw materials combining remote sensing and petrography

Süzen, Mehmet Lütfi
Kolat, Çağıl
Atakuman, Çiğdem
Understanding the location and distribution of raw materials used in the production of prehistoric artefacts is a significant part of archaeological research that aims to understand the interregional interaction patterns in the past. The aim of this study is to explore the regional locations of the source rock utilized in the production of stone bowls, which were unearthed at the Neolithic (approximately 6500-5500 BC) site of Domuztepe (Kahramanmaras-Turkey), via a combination of remote-sensing methods, petrographic and chemical analyses. To accomplish this task, the stone bowls were identified mineralogically, geochemically and spectrally, and then mapped with Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) sensors. According to the defined mineralogical composition, which is iron-rich chlorite, the target areas were selected among geologically potential areas that would bear similar source rocks in near vicinity and the target spectral signature was searched within these target areas. In order to overcome the problem of spectral similarity of chlorite group to some other minerals such as carbonate or epidote group minerals, band ratioing (BR) and feature-oriented principal component analysis (FOPCA) were used with an integrated approach and then their results were filtered according to the outcomes of the relative absorption band-depth (RBD) images. The areas with highest potentials were vectorized and then field checked. Mineralogical investigations on the collected field samples reveal that there is a mineralogical match between the source and target material. One group of stone bowls samples have similar geochemical signatures as the field samples having ultramafic origins. However, there is another group of stone bowls samples which are geochemically dissimilar to the first group of field and bowls samples. The data regarding the geochemical signatures of these two groups indicate a genetic relation between the sample sets. Therefore, it is concluded that the source rock of a major portion of the stone bowls unearthed at Domuztepe most probably originated from the near vicinity of the site.


Assessment of discrimination of mafic rocks using trace element systematics with machine learning
Öztürk, Mehmet Sinan; Sayıt, Kaan; Department of Geological Engineering (2019)
Having an important role in the elucidation of the evolution of ancient oceans and related continental fragments, the determination of original tectonic settings of ancient igneous rocks is an essential part of the geodynamic inferences. Geochemical classification of mafic rocks is important for the tectono-magmatic discrimination of igneous rocks especially when geological information is insufficient as the link of the igneous rocks to their original tectonic setting had been erased due to large scale even...
An investigation on the mineralogical, petrogaphical and chemical properties of stone objects from Karain Cave, Antalya-Turkey
Efe, Mehmet; Günal Türkmenoğlu, Asuman; Kartal, Metin; Department of Archaeometry (2012)
The archaeological and technical questions about ancient stone tools lead to various research activities such as chemical and petrographical analysis. Considering research areas and publications it can be suggested that mineralogical studies of stone samples of ancient stone tools have disclosed useful information concerning identification of the stone. Within this context, aim of this study is to determine the chemical, mineralogical and petrographical identities of the stone samples of Karain Cave (Antaly...
Characterization of Emecik limestone figurines for provenance
Muşkara, Üftade; Ataman, Osman Yavuz; Tuna, Numan; Department of Archaeometry (2013)
Archaeometry, the collaboration of different disciplines with archaeology, has revealed some facts that could change our understanding of the past. Provenance studies should be among the primary topics in interdisciplinary archaeometric reseach. Provenance studies, determining the source of the archaeological materials, play an important role in the understanding and reconstruction of trade connections, and social, political and religious relationships of ancient societies. A group of limestone figurines da...
Evaluation of selected kaolins as raw materials for the Turkish cement and concrete industry
Aras, A.; Albayrak, M.; Arıkan, Mehmet Fırat; Sobolev, K. (Mineralogical Society, 2007-6)
<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>Turkey has a long tradition (starting with prehistoric civilizations) and experience in exploring for raw clay materials and processing them into ceramic products. Many of these products, such as tiles and sanitary ware, are manufactured for domestic and export markets. Kaolin is one of the raw materials of major importance for the ceramic and paper industry, as well as for a number of auxiliary applications. There is ongoing interest in applying kaolin in the constr...
An archaeometrical investigation on provenance and technological properties of Seljuk period pottery from Komana (Tokat)
Er, Mehmet Bilgi; Ertaş, Gülay; Department of Archaeometry (2020)
The archaeological excavation at Komana (Tokat) unearthed great number of pottery reflecting wide variety in decorations and archaeological evidences including biscuit-fired pottery and tripod stilts showing local production of glazed pottery dated back to Seljuk period (12 – early 14th centuries). In this study, analytical techniques were used to identify the local compositional groups and import wares in the pottery collection, the production technology of local pottery, and to locate the clay used for th...
Citation Formats
H. TANYAS, M. DIRICAN, M. L. Süzen, A. G. TURKMENOGLU, Ç. Kolat, and Ç. Atakuman, “Identification of possible source areas of stone raw materials combining remote sensing and petrography,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REMOTE SENSING, pp. 3923–3942, 2017, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: