Effects of Isoflurane, Halothane, and Chloroform on the Interactions and Lateral Organization of Lipids in the Liquid-Ordered Phase

Türkyılmaz, Serhan
Regen, Steven L.
The first quantitative insight has been obtained into the effects that volatile anesthetics have on the interactions and lateral organization of lipids in model membranes that mimic "lipid rafts". Specifically, nearest-neighbor recogntion measurements, in combination with Monte Carlo simulations, have been used to investigate the action of isoflurane, halothane, and chloroform on the compactness and lateral organization of cholesterol-rich bilayers of 1,2-dipalmitoylsn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC) in the liquid-ordered (l(o)) phase. All three anesthetics induce a similar weakening of sterol-phospholipid association, corresponding to ca. 30 cal/mol of lipid at clinically relevant concentrations. Monte Carlo lattice simulations show that the lateral organization of the l(o) phase, under such conditions, remains virtually unchanged. In sharp contrast to their action on the l(o) phase, these anesthetics have been found to have a similar strengthening effect on sterol-phospholipid association in the liquid-disordered (l(d)) phase. The possibility of discrete complexes being formed between DPPC and these anesthetics and the biological relevance of these findings are discussed.


Effects of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug celecoxib on cholesterol containing distearoyl phosphatidylcholine membranes
Sade, Asli; Banerjee, Sreeparna; Severcan, Feride (2011-01-01)
The effects of different concentrations of celecoxib on the acyl chain order, dynamics and the hydration status of the head group and interfacial region of model membranes containing DSPC and cholesterol were investigated in detail using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Our results reveal that regardless of the presence of cholesterol, celecoxib is able to alter the physical properties of membranes. It exerts opposing effects on membrane order at high and low concentrations and decreases membrane fl...
Effect of suppressive DNA on CpG-induced immune activation.
Yamada, H; Gursel, I; Takeshita, F; Conover, J; Ishii, KJ; Gürsel, Mayda; Takeshita, S; Klinman, DM (The American Association of Immunologists, 2002-11-15)
Bacterial DNA and synthetic oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN) containing unmethylated CpG motifs stimulate a strong innate immune response. This stimulation can be abrogated by either removing the CpG DNA or adding inhibitory/suppressive motifs. Suppression is dominant over stimulation and is specific for CpG-induced immune responses (having no effect on LPS- or Con A-induced activation). Individual cells noncompetitively internalize both stimulatory and suppressive ODN. Studies using ODN composed of both stimula...
Effect of protein aggregation in the aqueous phase on the binding of membrane proteins to membranes
Doebler, R; Basaran, N; Goldston, H; Holloway, PW (Elsevier BV, 1999-02-01)
Analysis of the binding of hydrophobic peptides or proteins to membranes generally assumes that the solute is monomeric in both the aqueous phase and the membrane. Simulations were performed to examine the effect of solute self-association in the aqueous phase on the binding of monomeric solute to lipid vesicles. Aggregation lowered the initial concentration of monomeric solute, which was then maintained at a relatively constant value at the expense of the aggregated solute, as the lipid concentration was i...
Effect of cortex stiffness variation on cleavage in animal cells
AKKAS, N; KERMANIAN, M (1993-09-29)
Cytokinesis is the division of the cytoplasm and the plasma membrane into two. Nuclear division and cytokinesis take a relatively short time to happen in animal cells in which cytokinesis takes place by means of furrowing. Here we consider the cleavage of the animal cells only. Although the basic division mechanisms appear to be similar in all animal cells, the divisions that take place during early embryonic development, which are termed as cleavages, are not exactly the same as those that occur later. In ...
Influence of oxygen transfer on benzaldehyde lyase production by recombinant Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) pLySs
Angardi, Vahideh; Çalık, Pınar; Department of Chemical Engineering (2007)
In this study, the effects of oxygen transfer conditions on the synthesis of the enzyme benzaldehyde lyase as intracellular in recombinant E. coli BL21 (DE3) pLysS was investigated sistematically and a comprehensive model was developed to determine benzaldehyde lyase activity. For this purpose, the research program was carried out in mainly two parts. In the first part of study, the effects of oxygen transfer together with the mass transfer coefficient (KLa), enhancement factor E (=KLa/KLao), volumetric oxy...
Citation Formats
S. Türkyılmaz and S. L. Regen, “Effects of Isoflurane, Halothane, and Chloroform on the Interactions and Lateral Organization of Lipids in the Liquid-Ordered Phase,” LANGMUIR, pp. 14380–14385, 2011, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/34328.