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Fine tuning of color via copolymerization and its electrochromic device application

Sahmetlioglu, Ertugrul
Sahin, Elif
Akhmedov, Idris Mecidoglu
Tanyeli, Cihangir
Toppare, Levent Kamil
In this study electrochemical copolymerization of 1-(perfluorophenyl)-2,5-di(thiophen-2-yl)-1H-pyrrole and 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene was used to fulfill a strategy in achieving desired multichromic properties. The resultant polymer displayed distinct color changes between red-violet, amber, green and blue color with good switching times and optical contrast. A direct correlation between the color of the polymer in neutral state and the applied potential during synthesis was observed. Hence, it was possible to achieve colors from maroon, red-violet, and eggplant to indigo depending on the applied potential. A dual type electrochromic device of the copolymer and poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) was constructed to evaluate the possible use of such copolymer in device applications. The device displayed multichromism, with 1.1 s switching time and good electrochromic memory. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.