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Turkish adaptation of the drive for muscularity scale: a validity and reliability study

Selvi, Kerim
Bozo Özen, Özlem
In the current study, it was aimed to adapt the Drive for Muscularity Scale (DMS), which has been commonly used to measure attitudes and behaviors related to muscularity, to Turkish. For this purpose, the data collected from 297 male participants were analyzed with exploratory factor analysis, and its results indicated that Turkish DMS has a three-factor structure for Turkish men, KMO = .87; Bartlett’s test of sphericity χ 2 (105) = 2512. 12, p < .001. This three-factor structure of DMS was also supported by the findings of confirmatory factor analysis, χ 2 (84) = 246.2, p < .001, χ 2 / sd = 2.93, CFI = .93, RMSEA = .08. Other psychometric properties of Turkish DMS were examined through the validity (i.e., convergent and divergent validity) and reliability analyses, and the findings showed that this adaptation was a valid and reliable measure of muscularity oriented attitudes and behaviors for Turkish men. With this adaptation, this study is expected to provide important scientific contributions to our in-depth understanding of the body image concerns of Turkish men.