Seismic Risk Prioritization and Retrofit Cost Evaluation of Code-Deficient RC Public Buildings in Turkey

A risk prioritization procedure is developed for deficient concrete public buildings within the scope of a seismic risk reduction program. The main purpose is identifying public buildings with high damage risk in a region for efficient retrofit investments. Regularity of structural systems and repeatability of deficiencies in public buildings provide opportunities for developing simple and reliable assessment procedures. The proposed procedure is based on calculating a risk index from the comparison of lateral load demand to lateral load capacity at the critical story of a building, and then prioritize the buildings in accordance with their risk index. Final decision for retrofitting is made with reference to the ratio of retrofitting cost versus demolishing and rebuilding cost. It has been shown on a sample of 70 retrofitted public buildings that the retrofitting cost ratio of deficient buildings is independent of risk level, age, height, floor area and concrete quality.


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Aldemir, Alper; Erberik, Murat Altuğ; Demirel, I. Ozan; Sucuoğlu, Haluk (SAGE Publications, 2013-02-01)
This study proposes a hybrid modeling approach for the seismic performance assessment of unreinforced masonry buildings. The method combines finite-element and equivalent-frame approaches such that more powerful features of each approach are utilized. The finite-element approach is used to model the masonry components of different geometrical and material characteristics with a high level of accuracy. Then this numerically simulated database is used in the analytical modeling of masonry buildings with equiv...
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Unreinforced and non-engineered masonry buildings are highly vulnerable to seismic hazard and constitute a significant percentage of earthquake losses, including both casualties and economic losses. This study presents an engineering application on seismic safety assessment of unreinforced masonry (URM) buildings in Istanbul, Turkey, a metropolitan city under very high seismic risk. Nearly 20,000 masonry buildings were examined through a two-stage assessment procedure in order to identify the addresses of t...
Benefit-cost analysis for retrofitting of selected residental buildings in İstanbul
Erdurmuş, Salih Buğra; Erant, Engin; Department of Civil Engineering (2005)
During the evaluation of the seismic retrofitting option for risk reduction/mitigation measures to be applied over buildings, Benefit Cost Analysis is an often-used method. During this study of Benefit Cost Analysis, the condition that the earthquake can happen just after or sometime after retrofitting will be taken into consideration rather than some approaches that focus on the benefits and costs regarding the annual probability of the occurrence for possible earthquakes. The analysis will use conditional...
Empirical attenuation equations for vertical ground motion in Turkey
Kalkan, E; Gulkan, P (SAGE Publications, 2004-08-01)
In the aftermath of two destructive urban earthquakes in 1999 in Turkey, empirical models of strong motion attenuation relationships that have been previously developed for North American and European earthquakes have been utilized in a number of national seismic hazard studies.. However, comparison of empirical evidence and estimates present significant differences. For that reason, a data set created from a suite of 100 vertical strong ground motion records from 47 national earthquakes that occurred betwe...
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For accurate analytical assessment of performance and damage in reinforced concrete members, well-defined deformation limits at particular damage states are required. With advanced and computationally intensive finite element analyses, we establish deformation limits at yield and ultimate limit states for adequately confined rectangular reinforced concrete structural walls in terms of drift ratio, plastic rotation, and curvature. To investigate the deformation limits of structural walls, a parametric study ...
Citation Formats
H. Sucuoğlu and A. Yakut, “Seismic Risk Prioritization and Retrofit Cost Evaluation of Code-Deficient RC Public Buildings in Turkey,” EARTHQUAKE SPECTRA, pp. 601–614, 2015, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: