An Autonomous Interface Circuit Based on Self-Investing Synchronous Energy Extraction for Low Power Piezoelectric Energy Harvesters

2019-12-04
ÇİFTCİ, BERKAY
Chamanian, S.
Uluşan, H.
Külah, Haluk
This paper presents a self-powered interface circuit to rectify and manage the AC output of the piezoelectric energy harvesters (PEH) by utilizing Self-Investing Synchronous Electric Charge Extraction technique (SI-SECE). The system invests charges from the battery to PEH to improve the electromechanical coupling factor and consequently the energy extraction by utilizing only one external component. The circuit was implemented in 180 nm CMOS technology where high voltage (HV) MOS transistors are utilized to tolerate high open circuit output voltages of PEHs. MEMS PEH with 4.7 nF inherent capacitance has been used to charge a 1 mu F storage capacitor. Proposed interface circuit extracts 18.55 mu W that is 33 % more than traditional SECE (13.95 mu W) for 250 Hz PEH excitation frequency and 2.3 V piezoelectric open circuit voltage amplitude. At the output power of 48.5 mu W, maximum power conversion efficiency of 62.4% is achieved as charge investment and corresponding conduction and switching losses on investing transistors. SI-SECE delivers power with 4.5x relative performance improvement over on-chip full-bridge rectifier.

Suggestions

A fully integrated autonomous power management system with high power capacity and novel MPPT for thermoelectric energy harvesters in IoT/wearable applications
Tabrizi, Hamed Osouli; Jayaweera, H. M. P. C.; Muhtaroglu, Ali;( Abstracts: This paper reports a fully integrated autonomous power management system for thermoelectric energy harvesting with application in batteryless IoT/Wearable devices. The novel maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithm does not require open circuit voltage measurement. The proposed system delivers 0.5 mA current with 1 V regulated output based on simulations, which is the highest output current for a fully integrated converter reported in the literature for ultra-low voltage applications, to the best knowledge of the authors. Regulated 1 V output can be achieved for load range >2 k Omega, and input voltage range >140 mV. The circuit has been implemented in UMC-180nm standard CMOS technology and simulated.; 2017-11-17)
This paper reports a fully integrated autonomous power management system for thermoelectric energy harvesting with application in batteryless IoT/Wearable devices. The novel maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithm does not require open circuit voltage measurement. The proposed system delivers 0.5 mA current with 1 V regulated output based on simulations, which is the highest output current for a fully integrated converter reported in the literature for ultra-low voltage applications, to the best knowl...
Advanced plasmonic interfaces for optimized light trapping in photovoltaics
SALEH, Z. M.; NASSER, HİSHAM; ÖZKOL, ENGİN; Bek, Alpan; Turan, Raşit (2017-02-25)
Plasmonic interfaces are integrated to photovoltaic devices to enhance light trapping and improve efficiency. The optimum thickness of the spacer layer used to passivate the absorber layer and adjust its distance from the metal nanoparticles remains unclear. We integrate plasmonic interfaces consisting of Ag nanoparticles and silicon nitride spacers of different thicknesses to the back of a-Si:H absorber to investigate the optimum thickness of the spacer layer and use the photocurrent in a-Si:H to indicate ...
A Self-Powered Hybrid Energy Scavenging System Utilizing RF and Vibration Based Electromagnetic Harvesters
Ulusan, H.; Gharehbaghi, K.; Zorlu, O.; Muhtaroglu, A.; Külah, Haluk (2015-12-04)
This study presents a novel hybrid system that combines the power generated simultaneously by a vibration-based Electromagnetic (EM) harvester and a UHF band RF harvester. The novel hybrid scavenger interface uses a power management circuit in 180 nm CMOS technology to step-up and to regulate the combined output. At the first stage of the system, the RF harvester generates positive DC output with a 7-stage threshold compensated rectifier, while the EM harvester generates negative DC output with a self-power...
Model Based Optimization of Integrated Low Voltage DC-DC Converter for Energy Harvesting Applications
Jayaweera, H. M. P. C.; Muhtaroglu, Ali (2016-12-09)
A novel model based methodology is presented to determine optimal device parameters for the fully integrated ultra low voltage DC-DC converter for energy harvesting applications. The proposed model feasibly contributes to determine the maximum efficient number of charge pump stages to fulfill the voltage requirement of the energy harvester application. The proposed DC-DC converter based power consumption model enables the analytical derivation of the charge pump efficiency when utilized simultaneously with ...
Fully Integrated Ultra-Low Voltage Step-up Converter with Voltage Doubling LC-Tank for Energy Harvesting Applications
Jayaweera, H. M. P. C.; Pathirana, W. P. M. R.; Muhtaroglu, Ali (2015-12-04)
This paper reports the design, fabrication, and validation of a novel integrated interface circuit for ultra-low voltage step up converter in 0.18 mu m CMOS technology. The circuit does not use off-chip components. Fully integrated centre-tap differential inductors are introduced in the proposed LC oscillator design to achieve 38% area reduction compared to the use of four separate inductors. The efficiency of the system is hence enhanced through the elimination of clock buffer circuits traditionally utiliz...
Citation Formats
B. ÇİFTCİ, S. Chamanian, H. Uluşan, and H. Külah, “An Autonomous Interface Circuit Based on Self-Investing Synchronous Energy Extraction for Low Power Piezoelectric Energy Harvesters,” 2019, vol. 1407, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/42946.