Archaeometric analyses of mural paintings from ancient Side (Antalya) theatre gallery M

Kaymaz, Saadet
In this study material of wall paintings were analyzed to determine the structure of plasters, mortars, and pigments of Side wall painting samples. Archaeometrical methods were used to investigate mineralogical and chemical compositions and raw material characterization. Binder-aggregate ratio and particle size distribution analysis, gravimetric analysis, petrographical thin section optical microscopy analysis, Raman Spectrometry, XRD, PED-XRF, SEM-EDX techniques and methods were used to examine the samples. SEM-EDX analysis and Micro-XRF analysis indicate parallel results especially for iron (Fe) content of the samples. Iron (Fe) is the main element that plays a role in the formation of pink and red colors. As a result of thin section optical microscope analysis, wall painting samples could be divided into three different groups. The main components in arriccio plaster layers are aggregates and binders. As a result of aggregate and binder analysis, arricio layer samples contain 63.32% percentage of aggregate regarding with average values. The aggregate structure of the samples is composed of very large, marine origin, rounded aggregates.


Engineering geological properties and durability assessment of the Cappadocian tuff
Topal, Tamer (1997-08-14)
Some of the unique landforms, the so-called ''fairy chimneys'', which were formed within the Cappadocian tuff of central Turkey, were used as dwellings in the past and contain culturally valuable wall paintings. However, these structures are undergoing chemical and physical deterioration due to atmospheric effects. For conservation studies, an understanding of the engineering geological properties of the tuff is essential. In this study, emphasis is placed on both material and mass properties of the tuff. T...
Analytical Investigation of Lateral Strength of Masonry Infilled RC Frames Retrofitted with CFRP
Erdem, Ibrahim; Akyüz, Uğurhan (American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2010-07-01)
In this study, two reinforced concrete frames with hollow clay tile masonry infill walls, retrofitted with diagonally applied carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP), which were tested previously, were analytically investigated. A simple material model for the masonry infill wall strengthened with CFRP is suggested. The lateral strength of each rehabilitated frame was obtained by pushover analysis of four different models using a commercially available finite-element program, and the results were compared wi...
Archaeometrical investigation of some medieval glass samples from Alanya region
Beşer, Elif; Uzun, Ali; Department of Archaeometry (2009)
The archaeological questions of historical glass have lead to remarkable research activities such as identification and sourcing the raw materials used in the glass production, investigations of the ways in which the colors of glass can be modified due to dissolved and/or colloidal coloring agents, the furnace conditions, and the time of fritting and melting. Considering publications, it can be suggested that compositional studies of well-dated glass samples have supplied useful information concerning raw m...
Archaeometrical study on marble forgery
Songül, Güneş; Günal Türkmenoğlu, Asuman; Demirci, Şahinde; Department of Archaeometry (2012)
This thesis focuses on the detection of marble sculpture forgery made of cultured marble. Cultured marble is a mixture of marble dust, polyester and accelerators. Thus chemical analysis of cultured marble would give declined levels of calcium when compared to authentic sculptures. Since sample removal is a problem when dealing with archaeological heritage, the instrument used was portable X-Ray Fluorescence device which provides in situ analysis of the samples. Device has been used to analyze six authentic ...
Archaeometric investigations of glass from the early Byzantine workshop in Side, Antalya
Genç, Deniz; Atalay, M. Ümit.; Department of Archaeometry (2019)
Reconstructing the history of archeological artifacts leads us to examine the materials using various scientific methods. Therefore, archaeometric investigations allow us to understand the production technology, the firing temperature, provenance, the raw materials and the colorants used in the process. This thesis aims to investigate the archaeological glasses found at the Side excavation site. Visual and optical microscope analyses were conducted to observe the physical shape, deterioration types, and the...
Citation Formats
S. Kaymaz, “Archaeometric analyses of mural paintings from ancient Side (Antalya) theatre gallery M,” Thesis (M.S.) -- Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences. Archaeometry., Middle East Technical University, 2019.