Archaeometric analyses of mural paintings from ancient Side (Antalya) theatre gallery M

Kaymaz, Saadet
In this study material of wall paintings were analyzed to determine the structure of plasters, mortars, and pigments of Side wall painting samples. Archaeometrical methods were used to investigate mineralogical and chemical compositions and raw material characterization. Binder-aggregate ratio and particle size distribution analysis, gravimetric analysis, petrographical thin section optical microscopy analysis, Raman Spectrometry, XRD, PED-XRF, SEM-EDX techniques and methods were used to examine the samples. SEM-EDX analysis and Micro-XRF analysis indicate parallel results especially for iron (Fe) content of the samples. Iron (Fe) is the main element that plays a role in the formation of pink and red colors. As a result of thin section optical microscope analysis, wall painting samples could be divided into three different groups. The main components in arriccio plaster layers are aggregates and binders. As a result of aggregate and binder analysis, arricio layer samples contain 63.32% percentage of aggregate regarding with average values. The aggregate structure of the samples is composed of very large, marine origin, rounded aggregates.


Archaeometrical study on marble forgery
Songül, Güneş; Günal Türkmenoğlu, Asuman; Demirci, Şahinde; Department of Archaeometry (2012)
This thesis focuses on the detection of marble sculpture forgery made of cultured marble. Cultured marble is a mixture of marble dust, polyester and accelerators. Thus chemical analysis of cultured marble would give declined levels of calcium when compared to authentic sculptures. Since sample removal is a problem when dealing with archaeological heritage, the instrument used was portable X-Ray Fluorescence device which provides in situ analysis of the samples. Device has been used to analyze six authentic ...
Engineering geological properties and durability assessment of the Cappadocian tuff
Topal, Tamer (1997-08-14)
Some of the unique landforms, the so-called ''fairy chimneys'', which were formed within the Cappadocian tuff of central Turkey, were used as dwellings in the past and contain culturally valuable wall paintings. However, these structures are undergoing chemical and physical deterioration due to atmospheric effects. For conservation studies, an understanding of the engineering geological properties of the tuff is essential. In this study, emphasis is placed on both material and mass properties of the tuff. T...
Analytical Investigation of Lateral Strength of Masonry Infilled RC Frames Retrofitted with CFRP
Erdem, Ibrahim; Akyüz, Uğurhan (American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2010-07-01)
In this study, two reinforced concrete frames with hollow clay tile masonry infill walls, retrofitted with diagonally applied carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP), which were tested previously, were analytically investigated. A simple material model for the masonry infill wall strengthened with CFRP is suggested. The lateral strength of each rehabilitated frame was obtained by pushover analysis of four different models using a commercially available finite-element program, and the results were compared wi...
Archaeometrical investigation of some Seljuk plasters
Caner, Evin; Demirci, Şahinde; Saltık, Emine N. Caner; Department of Archaeometry (2003)
The aim of the study was to investigate Seljuk Plasters used in some of their royal administrative or residential buildings from a viewpoint of their raw materials and technological characteristics. Some Byzantine Plasters of the same period were also investigated to make comparison. Plasters from some historic structures in the archaeological sites namely; Alanya Castle, Kubadabad Palaces, Syedra Archaeological Site, Aspendos Amphitheatre, Selinus Archaeological Site-Sekerhane Kösk and Hasbahçe were examin...
Mineralogy and production technology of Değirmentepe (Malatya) pottery
Er, Mehmet Bilgi; Göktürk, Emine Hale; Günal Türkmenoğlu, Asuman; Department of Archaeometry (2011)
A series of pottery samples provided from the survey investigations and excavations from Değirmentepe Mound (Malatya), belonging to Chalcolithic (Ubaid), Early Bronze and Iron Ages, were investigated by petrographic and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analyses to determine their textures, mineralogical compositions and microstructures. The sample microstructures and chemical (semiquantitative) compositions were also studied by scanning electron microscope with energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (SEM - EDX). The c...
Citation Formats
S. Kaymaz, “Archaeometric analyses of mural paintings from ancient Side (Antalya) theatre gallery M,” Thesis (M.S.) -- Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences. Archaeometry., Middle East Technical University, 2019.