Transformational and transactional leadership styles as predictors of trust in leader and perceived leadership effectiveness: moderating role of affect intensity

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2019
Kanaz, Esra Aylin
The main purpose of the present study was to examine the moderating role of affect intensity on the relationships between leadership style (i.e., transformational and transactional leadership) and outcome variables of trust in leader and leadership effectiveness. Leadership is defined as “a process by which one person influences the thoughts, attitudes, and behaviors of others” (Mills, 2005, p.11). Affect intensity refers to the strength with which individuals experience their emotions. In the present study, it was hypothesized that, particularly, transformational leadership style would predict both followers’ trust in leader and perceived leadership effectiveness and that leader’s affect intensity would moderate the relationship between leadership styles and outcome variables of trust in leader and perceived leadership effectiveness. A total of 494 subordinates and their 98 immediate-supervisors constituted the sample of the study. Findings of the study supported that perceived transformational leadership predicted both trust in leader and leadership effectiveness perceptions while perceived transactional leadership did not influence these outcome variables. Affect intensity of the leader did not moderate the relationship between perceived leadership style and outcome variables of the study. However, leader’s affect intensity did moderate the self-report transactional leadership-perceived leadership effectiveness relationship. Furthermore, subordinate’s own affect intensity and cultural orientation moderated the effect of leadership style on perceived leadership effectiveness. Findings are discussed along with limitations and contributions of the study
Citation Formats
E. A. Kanaz, “Transformational and transactional leadership styles as predictors of trust in leader and perceived leadership effectiveness: moderating role of affect intensity,” Thesis (M.S.) -- Thesis (M.S.) -- Graduate School of Social Sciences. Psychology., 2019.