From places of transportation to places of display: the Ankara railway area from the mid-to the late 20th century

Gür, Zeynep
With the arrival of the railway in Ankara in 1892, the industrial area of Ankara was shaped in accordance with and around the railway station. This thesis firstly examines the formation of the railway area that started with this prominent step and went on in accordance with city plans and constructions, and then analyzes the history of the transformation of some of the buildings in the area into places of display in relation to the different approaches to museum practice and conservation of railway heritage in Turkey as well as the changes in the urban context of Ankara. Thus, the study aims to evaluate the railway area in Ankara as it was formed as a transportation node and the gate of the city from the late 19th to the mid-20th century, and transformed into a cultural node towards the end of the 20th century with the transformation of the historic buildings in the area into places of display at the Atatürk House and Railway Museum (1964), Railway Museum and Art Gallery (1990), Open-Air Locomotive Museum (1991) and CerModern (2000).


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Turkish Railways history began when the Ottoman Government gave privilege to a British company to operate the rail line between İzmir and Aydın in 1856. In order to give service to the passengers, station buildings were built at the same time when the railway lines started operating. Following the first station building Alsancak/Punta in İzmir which was constructed in 1858, hundreds of station buildings were built, mostly modelled on four project types, except special ones like Alsancak, Basmane, İzmit, Hay...
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This dissertation examines the catalyst and inducer role of the Ottoman Balkan railways network in the urban architecture of the four selected cities in the late Ottoman period. These are Dedeağaç, Edirne-Karaağaç, Selanik and Manastır of the Ottoman Balkans which are explored in the context of railway actorship. On the basis of a comprehensive archival research, the study focuses on three actor positions to explain the themes of change in the architectural and urban sphere; and they are the state, the inte...
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The aim of this thesis is to prepare a conservation project proposal for the first railway line in Anatolia which is the İzmir ا Aydın Railway Line constructed between 1856 and 1866. The historical, political and social background is included in to the subject as well as the recent international debates on railway heritage conservation which provides main frame for the thesis. Here, the problems regarding the Anatolian railway heritage will be defined and to develop a framework for the necessary conservatio...
Citation Formats
Z. Gür, “From places of transportation to places of display: the Ankara railway area from the mid-to the late 20th century,” Thesis (M.S.) -- Graduate School of Social Sciences. History., Middle East Technical University, 2019.