Station buildings in the history of Turkish railways : catalogue of buildings constructed between 1850s-1950s

Sezginalp, Şule
Turkish Railways history began when the Ottoman Government gave privilege to a British company to operate the rail line between İzmir and Aydın in 1856. In order to give service to the passengers, station buildings were built at the same time when the railway lines started operating. Following the first station building Alsancak/Punta in İzmir which was constructed in 1858, hundreds of station buildings were built, mostly modelled on four project types, except special ones like Alsancak, Basmane, İzmit, Haydarpaşa and Sirkeci. In this thesis, station buildings constructed between 1850s and 1950s will be studied. Until the foundation of the Republic, railways and station buildings were built and operated by British, French and German companies. After the formation of “General Directorate of State Railways and Ports” in 1927, the railways began to be nationalized beginning with 1928 until 1941. With the establishment of a modern republican state, new station buildings started to take their places in the cities as the symbols of modernization. The architectural design projects of station buildings, whether designed in Late Ottoman or in Early Republican period, had been archived in TCDD (The State Railways of the Republic of Turkey) project archives. Because of the erosion in TCDD Project Archive, a thorough documentation is essential for the protection and sustainment of these buildings, which are witnesses to the history of Turkish railways and of the early years of the Republic. Therefore, the aim of this study is to catalogue the available and accessible projects of railway station buildings constructed 1858 onwards, by making periodical and typological classifications until 1950, when the transportation strategies changed in favor of highways in Turkey.


From places of transportation to places of display: the Ankara railway area from the mid-to the late 20th century
Gür, Zeynep; Altan, T. Elvan.; Department of History (2019)
With the arrival of the railway in Ankara in 1892, the industrial area of Ankara was shaped in accordance with and around the railway station. This thesis firstly examines the formation of the railway area that started with this prominent step and went on in accordance with city plans and constructions, and then analyzes the history of the transformation of some of the buildings in the area into places of display in relation to the different approaches to museum practice and conservation of railway heritage...
Architecture of the state: Ankara istasyon caddesi in the late ottoman and early republican periods
Dedekargınoğlu, Cem; Altan, T. Elvan.; Department of History of Architecture (2019)
This study focuses on the late 19th and early 20th century urban transformation of Ankara as exemplified in the development of the axis connecting the train station to the city center. The temporal scope of the research starts with the 1890s when the train station was constructed and its connection with the city was established, and ends at the turn of the 1930s until when a number of buildings were erected on the İstasyon Caddesi axis, and when Jansen’s proposal for the development plan of Ankara started t...
Religion and nation-building in the Turkish republic: a comparison of the high school textbooks of 1930-1950 and 1950-1960
Arı, Başar; Çıtak Aytürk, Zana Ayşe; Department of International Relations (2010)
The period from 1930 to 1946 constitutes one of the most important episodes of the history of Turkish Republic. It is the period in which the new regime was consolidated through a series of radical secularizing reforms, which aimed at weakening the role of religion in politics and society and confining it to the private sphere. In this period, the Kemalist regime tried to replace an identity based on religion by one based on the Turkish nation. It has generally been argued that the transition to multi-party...
Turkey’s relations with Italy (1932-39): realities and perceptions
Doğar, Mehmet; Boyar, Ebru; Department of International Relations (2020)
This thesis examines Turkey’s relations with Italy between 1932 and 1939 through key historical events and analyses the role of Italy in Turkish foreign policy making. In so doing, it underlines the complex and multifaceted nature of the relations between the two countries and challenges the widely-held axiom in the secondary literature that the relations evolved from friendship to enmity in a unilinear way. This thesis argues that what defined the relations between these two Mediterranean countries in the ...
Evaluating Rail Passengers Sector in Turkey
Ekici, Üsame; Tüydeş Yaman, Hediye; Department of Civil Engineering (2022-1)
With the rapid development of railways in Turkey, the research of railway passenger demand forecasting has gained much importance in the recent years. Passenger demand forecasting for transport services is essential for better management and better resource planning. In this study, a time-series-model was established using Auto Regressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) forecasting method and then a regression model was formed to forecast the intercity railway passenger flow in Turkey. The daily passenger...
Citation Formats
Ş. Sezginalp, “Station buildings in the history of Turkish railways : catalogue of buildings constructed between 1850s-1950s,” Thesis (M.Arch.) -- Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences. Architecture., Middle East Technical University, 2020.