The Gap analysis of Turkish state’s children policies and the agenda of children-based csos between 1990s-2018 in Turkey

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2019
Atalay Tuna, Esra
This research compares the agendas of civil society organizations facilitate in Turkey in the field of children and the policies of a state institution responsible for children, the Family and Social Policy Ministry operating between the years of 2011-2018. The study is based on gap analysis to examine the differences between the agenda of nongovernmental organizations and the agenda of the ministry responsible for developing and implementing social policies in the field of children. The research design based on multiple data collection methods. First of all, in-depth interviews were conducted with experts working in the field of children. Within the scope of this study, a database of 4490 CSOs including associations and foundations working for/with children was aggregated and a sample of 500 of these CSOs were analyzed. The sample represents the research population with +-4,13% error of margin. In addition, the MFSP news related to child work were scanned from the official website of the ministry. The main finding is although there are common issues between the state and the CSOs, the child agenda of the ministry responsible for the child is not as diverse as that of the CSOs. CSOs can be categorized into three categories: stakeholders that have access to the information and financial resources of the state, CSOs that cannot benefit from these resources and are seen as distant, and other mainstream CSOs. The issues that CSOs work on differ in themselves. The ministry responsible for the child operates in the field of child protection. CSOs which are close to the state’s resources mostly work in the fields of family, education and disability. The agendas of CSOs with little or no access to state resources are highlighted as violence against children, children in the judicial system, child labor and poverty. Mainstream CSOs work on women, disadvantaged children and health. The children's rights agenda in Turkey is discussed by a limited environment. The main argument of the research is that the difference between the children's agendas of civil society and the state should be to a certain extent and that the state should be more active in order to close the gap in the field of child policy agenda by increasing the dialogue with different non-governmental organizations.