Re-thinking biophilic design patterns in preschool environments for children

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2019
Jabbarioun Moghaddami, Hom
The unprecedented rate of urbanization globally is associated with a decrease in access to natural environments. Congested urban spaces are compelling adults and children to spend a considerable amount of time inside the buildings which by some reports is up to 90% of their life. Numerous studies have affirmed that Children at young ages are in a more critical demand of being connected to nature, in comparison to adults. Nature is an essential aspect of a child’s requirements from living areas as it is inherent in the human makeup, in other words, ‘Biophilia’. The biophilia hypothesis suggests that human beings have an innate biological connection with nature. Based on this hypothesis, biophilic design has been promoted to incorporate natural features and systems into built environments. The environment delivers physical and mental experiences that nothing else can, and separation from the natural environment is proven to have negative impacts on development, health, and well-being, in this case, detachment of children from their living environment. The majority of studies on reconnecting children with natural environments have focused on the outdoor-play of children. Whereas there is a vivid potential to catch the benefits of natural elements inside of the buildings as well. In this study, by addressing the missing link between nature and educational settings for children between the age of 3 to 6, we are aiming to re-think biophilic design features in the preschool environment from an architectural aspect. This study is aiming to offer recommendations and suggestions for preschool designers to interconnect children with the benefits of nature and natural elements for their physical and mental health. To do so, the project is analyzing plans, features, and interior designs of preschool environments and probes them into Biophilic Design patterns.

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Citation Formats
H. Jabbarioun Moghaddami, “Re-thinking biophilic design patterns in preschool environments for children,” Thesis (M.Arch.) -- Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences. Architecture., Middle East Technical University, 2019.