Small entrepreneurs in urban bus public transportation in Ankara: government failure or market failure?

Aktepe, Eray
The presence of small entrepreneurs who fill the urban transport service gap created by local governments, which cannot provide services against the rapidly growing and concentrated population in cities, has revealed a private sector entrepreneurship that has already had priority status since pre-neoliberalism period. The definition of private sector-oriented services introduced by neoliberal policies pursued since the 1980s enabled private sector entrepreneurship to continue to exist. Due to lack of resources, city administrations could not develop public transportation systems that would provide increasing urban transportation needs. In the face of this insufficiency, the informal and irregular transportation solutions that have developed spontaneously in the society and have finally evolved towards a continuing public transport service concept with the privileged private entrepreneurs. Since small entrepreneurs providing private urban transportation services will lead to the development of a business type that suits their characteristics and conditions, it makes the decisions and regulations of urban transportation important for the control and audit of urban transportation services. All kinds of regulations and urban transport decisions put forward by local authorities within their authority have the potential to generate and distribute a transport rent. This situation causes the regulated private service providers to influence regulating institutions and to generate rent through interest groups formed among themselves. The main purpose of this study is to reveal the state and market failures in the provision of urban public transport services. In addition, the aim is to reveal how private urban entrepreneurs are involved in urban decision-making mechanisms and the role of regulations in this participation by the effect of neo-liberal urban policies in the provision of urban transport services. In addition, the main objective is to determine the effect of the elements that may be perceived as technical aspects such as line route and vehicle type selection, but in fact the initiators of the transportation rent process.
Citation Formats
E. Aktepe, “Small entrepreneurs in urban bus public transportation in Ankara: government failure or market failure?,” Thesis (Ph.D.) -- Graduate School of Social Sciences.Urban Policy Planning and Local Governments., Middle East Technical University, 2019.