Effects of culture on computer-supported international collaborations

2004-03-01
Swigger, K
Alpaslan, Ferda Nur
Brazile, R
Monticino, M
This paper discusses results of a case study from an on-going project to investigate how cultural factors, as identified by the Cultural Perspectives Questionnaire (CPQ), affect the performance of distributed collaborative learning teams. The results indicate that a team's cultural composition is a significant predictor of its performance on programming projects. Cultural attributes most strongly correlated to group performance included those related to attitudes about organizational hierarchy, organizational harmony, trade-offs between future and current needs, and beliefs about how much influence individuals have on their fate. Moreover, the type of programming task affected the strength of the relationship between individual cultural attributes and performance. Participants in the study included computer science students from the University of North Texas (Texas, USA) and students from the Middle East Technical University in Ankara, Turkey. Students were divided into culturally diverse work-teams and assigned programming projects to be completed using special collaborative software. The programming tasks ranged from simple design projects to more complicated programs that required extensive collaboration. Cultural distinctions between work-teams were based upon the students' responses to the CPQ. Project performance was evaluated with respect to programming accuracy, efficiency, completeness, and style. The results presented here have important implications for the formation of distributed collaborations and, in particular, to educational institutions offering distance-learning programs that require team projects.
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMAN-COMPUTER STUDIES

Suggestions

The Challenges of International Computer-Supported Collaboration
Swigger, Kathleen; Alpaslan, Ferda Nur; Brazile, Robert; Harrington, Bryan (2004-10-23)
This paper discusses results of a study analyzing how cultural factors affect the performance of distributed collaborative learning teams. Participants in the study included computer science students from the University of North Texas and students from the Middle East Technical University in Ankara, Turkey. The results indicate that a team's cultural attributes are a significant predictor of its performance on programming projects. Cultural attributes most strongly correlated to group performance were those...
Work Strategies of Immigrants and the Construction and Circulation of Myths in London
Vasta, Ellie; Erdemir, Aykan (2010-01-01)
The research presented in this paper emerges from the Immigrant Work Strategies and Networks Project. The project focused on the experiences of Ghanaian, Portuguese, Romanian, Turkish and British-born respondents (both male and female) in London, between 2004 and 2006, using questionnaires and in-depth interviews. In this article, our goal is to explore the role of imperfect information in the immigrant settlement process and destination society policies. More specifically, we examine the nature of informat...
Cognitive analysis of experts' and novices' concept mapping processes: An eye tracking study
Dogusoy-Taylan, Berrin; Çağıltay, Kürşat (Elsevier BV, 2014-07-01)
The goal of this study was to explore how designated experts (subject experts with extensive experience in science education and concept mapping) and novices (pre-service teachers) establish concept map (CM) development processes while considering their cognitive processes. Two experiments were conducted in which eye-tracking, written, and verbal data were collected from 29 novices and 6 subject matter experts. The results showed that despite some similar strategies, novices and experts followed different p...
Effect of goal orientation and different human computer interaction modalities on users’ engagement
Fal, Mehmetcan; Acartürk, Cengiz; Department of Cognitive Sciences (2016)
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of goal orientation and alternative human computer interaction modalities on user engagement. Performance-oriented and learning- oriented individuals exhibit motivational differences. Learning-oriented individuals focus on progress and mastery, whereas performance-oriented individuals focus on ability. Twenty-five participants participated in the study. They were asked to accomplish the same task with three alternative modalities of interaction, namely...
A Case Study of Student Software Using Computer-Supported Software
SWİGGER, kathleen; Alpaslan, Ferda Nur; BRAZİLE, robert; HARRİNGTON, bryan (2005-05-19)
This article discusses a case study of an on-going project to investigate how the performance of global software teams may be affected by cultural factors. Participants in the study included computer science students from the University of North Texas (UNT) in Denton, Texas and students from the Middle East Technical University (METU) in Ankara, Turkey. Students were divided into culturally diverse work-teams and assigned collaborative software development projects. Cultural distinctions between work-teams ...
Citation Formats
K. Swigger, F. N. Alpaslan, R. Brazile, and M. Monticino, “Effects of culture on computer-supported international collaborations,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMAN-COMPUTER STUDIES, pp. 365–380, 2004, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/46243.