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Why is Time Perspective Important for Emotion Regulation? The Role of Time Perspectives on Emotion Dysregulation among Young Adults

Bürhan Çavuşoğlu, Pınar
Oktay, Fatma
Bayram Arlı, Nuran
Individual differences play a crucial role in addressing the issue of emotion regulation deficits among young adults. Although some research has been carried out on individual differences in emotion regulation, no single study has attempted to consider the role of time perspectives in emotion regulation deficits. This study aims to explain the associations between emotion regulation deficits and five-time perspectives, which are conceptualized as temporally based beliefs. Data was collected from a sample of 192 college students (146 females, 46 males) with a mean age of 20.46. The best-fitting model showed that Past-Negative, Past-Positive, Present-Fatalistic, and Future time perspectives explained directly 41% of the variation in emotion regulation deficits. Based on standard coefficients, the Past-Negative time profile was the strongest predictor of emotion regulation deficits. Maladaptive time perspectives like Past-Negative and Present-Fatalistic predicted emotion regulation negatively, and adaptive ones like Future and Past-Positive predicted emotion regulation positively. Time perspectives may structure an individual’s emotional regulation deficits. The findings seem to be an essential contribution to the field of time perspective and emotion regulation.