Safranbolu'da Mekansal Yapının Gösterdiği Nitelikler Ve Koruma Önerilerinin Düşündürdükleri

Aktüre, Sevgi
Şenyapılı, Tansı
Safranbolu is a small Anatolian town which displays a non-typical social and physical structure. The extraordinary visual quality of the physical structure of the town, slowly deteriorating, has recently provoked preservation discussions especially among academic circles. The aim of the article is to contribute at problem definition stage, hoping that this may bring some clarification to the field for the people of Safranbolu, the related Municipality and the academic circles involved. A survey of historical sources shows that the town situated on trade routes, functioned as a break of bulk point. The majesty of public buildings dating from 17-18 centuries are evidences to the central functions performed by the town. The dominant manufacturing activity was leather. Income accruing from a possible monopoly in the national leather products market coupled by a sizeable agricultural surplus is reflected in a rich and unexpectedly beautiful man-made environment. Two exogenous factors: change of technology in leather manufacturing and location of the first iron and steel complex of Turkey in Karabük, about 10 km. away, upset the social and physical structure of the town. The feudal merchants and landlords left the town selling their houses to in-coming rural population drawn by the factory. The fact that the historical physical structure lived so far is not due to conscious preservation efforts by the people who bought the houses. The structure lived because it was functionally used. While there was still available land in Karabük for incoming workers and for location of new urban functions, demand did not concentrate on Safranbolu land. The relatively better-off in-coming groups settling in Safranbolu still had to participate in rural production activity for social security. The value of Safranbolu's urban land was not more than their urban income plus their rural income. Therefore there was no need to change function or density on land. Slow workerization process caused people to maintain rural relations. In this process the houses were functionally suitable for performance of rural production functions (like storage, food processing, water storage, gardening) and also for sheltering extensive families, typical family form in rural production environments. Besides people neither had sufficient incomes nor felt the need to transform the physical structure. Their reference groups were villagers not urbanites and resulting comparisons showed that they were better off already. Yet the very factors which preserved the structure are changing now. Available favorable urban land is now diminishing and expensive in Karabük. Demand for urban land i therefore now being transferred to Safranbolu, increasing land prices rapidly. As a result, a multi-storey and concrete type of habitat started in Bağlar, a comparatively richer neighbourhood As urban incomes increase, rural contacts are transformed from participation in production to transfer of rural incomes to town. Therefore since there is no need for such organizations, extensive families break-up, old houses lose function. The source for social security is now transformed from control of rural land to control of urban land. The consciousness developed in town is not oriented to preservation but to change. Therefore preservation proposals for Safranbolu's housing structure should be revalue once again within the context of the dimension developed in the article.


KURTULUŞ, VACİDE BETÜL; Şahin Güçhan, Neriman (Informa UK Limited, 2020-11-01)
comakdag is a rural region consisting of five villages and six plateau settlements in the Besparmak mountain range in Milas district, Mugla province, Turkey. The simple stone masonry buildings on the rocky cliffs and the indigenous lifestyle of the local people form unique characteristics of the region. The historic urban fabric is still visible, and the traditional lifestyle continues in the region. However, the population has been decreasing, and some parts of the traditional fabric have lost their local ...
Yurdakul, Emrecan; İmer, Ali; Department of Geological Engineering (2022-6-29)
The Öksüt high-sulfidation epithermal gold-copper deposit is hosted within the late Miocene Develidağ Volcanic Complex (DVC) in south-central Anatolia. Mineralization mainly occurs in two domains, the Keltepe and Güneytepe orebodies, where steeply-dipping and pervasively supergene oxidized breccia zones exploited funnel-shaped diatreme conduits within andesite porphyry. Emplacement of these breccias was largely controlled by sub-vertical faults with dominant normal-slip components. Mineralized breccias comp...
Evaluating thermal comfort in METU campus buildings
Elias Özkan, Soofia Tahira(2017-12-31)
More than a hundred buildings are located on the METU campus in Ankara, which are being used for academic, administrative, social and residential purposes. Some of these buildings are being heated through the campus district heating system, whereas others have individual boilers. All buildings that are located around the main alley on campus are connected to the central heating system, and since all of them are very old, with a heating network older than half a century, it is not possible to vary the level ...
Geology of the Idis Dagı Avanos area Nevşehir Central Anatolia
Köksal, Serhat (1997-01-01)
İdiş Dağı-Avanos area is located on the northeast of Nevşehir, and is a part of the Central Anatolian Crystalline Complex. The basement rocks of the study area constitue? Mesozoic aged Aşıgediği Metamorphics, that represent the uppermost unit of the Central Anatolian Metamorphics and consist of platform type meta-carbonates. İdiş Dağı Syenitoid, composed of quartz syenite, alkali feldspar quartz syenite and quartz monzonite intruded the Aşıgediği Metamorphics, and generated contact metamorphic zones. Karahı...
Arnavutköy Tarihi Çevre Özellikleri
Nayır, Zeynep (Middle East Technical University, Faculty of Architecture, 1978)
Arnavutköy is a small village on the Bosphorus. Due to its position and fresh-water springs, the site was a favourable spot since Roman times. In the fourth century, Byzantine emperor Constantius I (337-361) ordered the construction of a church dedicated to Archangel Michael. During the reign of Emperor Justinian the Great (527-565) this building was replaced by a new Michaelion, circular in plan and surrounded by a colonnaded courtyard. The village flourished until the attacks of the approaching Ottomans m...
Citation Formats
S. Aktüre and T. Şenyapılı, “Safranbolu’da Mekansal Yapının Gösterdiği Nitelikler Ve Koruma Önerilerinin Düşündürdükleri,” ODTÜ Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 61–96, 1976, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: