Representations of Personality Disorders Beliefs on Interpersonal Circumplex Model

Akyunus, Miray
Gençöz, Tülin
Cognitive Theory and Interpersonal Circumplex Model explaining cognitive and interpersonal patterns of personality disorders (PD) are well established in personality literature. The main objective of the study is to investigate the representations of personality beliefs defined by Cognitive Theory on the Interpersonal Circumplex space and to integrate these two models. Analyses were conducted with 962 adults of a community sample (302 men, 660 women) after the participants who are on psychiatric treatment or psychotropic medication are excluded. Personality Beliefs Questionnaire and Inventory of Interpersonal Problems were provided to the participants through the internet and they were given personal feedback at the end of the study. To represent personality disorder beliefs on the Interpersonal Circumplex, similar statistical procedures were followed in accordance with the previous studies. According to the placement on the Interpersonal Circumplex space, Schizoid, Antisocial and Narcissistic personality beliefs were represented on the hostile-dominance, Borderline and Avoidant PD beliefs were represented on the cold-submissive, Dependent personality beliefs was represented on the warm-submissive, and Histrionic personality beliefs was represented on warm-dominant quadrant. Besides, Paranoid and Passive-Aggressive personality beliefs were placed close to hostile-cold, and Obsessive-Compulsive personality beliefs was placed on the dominant-controlling vector. Findings are both consistent with DSM criteria of thought patterns and previous results obtained from studies with PD diagnosed patients. Interpersonal and cognitive patterns of personality psychopathology are well represented by interpersonal circumplex model and cognitive theory. Moreover, present study supports the crucial role of the cognitive distortions in PD.


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The purpose of the study was to examine the influences of basic personality traits, cognitive emotion regulation and interpersonal problems on the cognitive aspects of personality disorders. 1298 adult participants (411 males and 887 females) between the ages of 18 and 68 (M = 26.85, sd = 7.95) participated in the study. In the first part of the study, Inventory of Interpersonal Problems was adapted to Turkish, and psychometric properties of the adapted inventory as well as Cognitive Emotion Regulation Ques...
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Citation Formats
M. Akyunus and T. Gençöz, “Representations of Personality Disorders Beliefs on Interpersonal Circumplex Model,” TURK PSIKOLOJI DERGISI, pp. 1–9, 2016, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: