Molecular adaptations of Helicoverpa armigera midgut tissue under pyrethroid insecticide stress characterized by differential proteome analysis and enzyme activity assays

Konus, Metin
Koy, Cornelia
Mikkat, Stefan
Kreutzer, Michael
Zimmermann, Ralf
İşcan, Mesude
Glocker, Michael O.
Helicoverpa armigera is an insect that causes important economic losses in crops. To reduce this loss, pyrethroids have been commonly used against H. armigera in farming areas. However, excess and continuous usage of pyrethroids cause resistance in H. armigera. Therefore, expressions of midgut proteins of two H. armigera field populations were compared to those of a susceptible strain by 2-D PAGE and MALDI-ToF-MS. Our results indicate that H. armigera reacts to pyrethroid-induced stress mainly by increasing the expression of energy metabolism-related proteins, such as ATP synthase and arginine kinase. NADPH cytochrome P450 reductase, also up-regulated, could play a role in detoxification of toxic pyrethroid metabolites, such as 3-phenoxybenzaldehyde. Interestingly, while GSTs were not found up-regulated in the comparative proteome analysis, biochemical assays showed significant increases of enzyme activities in both field populations as compared to the susceptible strain. Similarly, although esterases were not found differentially expressed, biochemical assays showed significant increases of esterase activities in both field populations. Thus, esterases are also proposed to be involved in metabolic responses towards pyrethroid insecticide-induced stress. In conclusion, we suggest increased energy metabolism in the midgut tissue of H. armigera as a general prerequisite for compensating the costs of energy-consuming detoxification processes.


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Helicoverpa armigera is an insect, causes important economical losses in crops. To reduce this loss, chemical insecticides such as pyrethroids have been commonly used against H. armigera in farming areas all over the world. However, excess and continuous usages of them cause resistance development in H. armigera. Insects develop resistance against applied insecticides by following three main mechanisms; by reducing the amount of insecticide entering into the insect body, developing insensitivity of the inse...
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Scald disease (Rhynchosporium secalis) is one of the major plant diseases causing considerable yield loss in barley (Hordeum vulgare) plantations in Turkey. To develop, scald resistant barley varieties, C.R.I.F.C. of Turkey has a large accumulated collection of barley seed sources in hand, but these samples are difficult to be followed and used in the breeding programs due to lack of genetic studies on them. Thus, the objective of this study was to characterize and fingerprint of eighty barley seed sources,...
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Citation Formats
M. Konus et al., “Molecular adaptations of Helicoverpa armigera midgut tissue under pyrethroid insecticide stress characterized by differential proteome analysis and enzyme activity assays,” COMPARATIVE BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY D-GENOMICS & PROTEOMICS, pp. 152–162, 2013, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: