Cross-cultural comparison of need importance and need satisfaction during adolescence: Turkey and the United States

Hortacsu, N
Turkish and U.S. adolescents' views concerning the importance of different needs and instrumentality of relationships with mothers, fathers, siblings, and same-sex friends for need satisfaction were examined and compared. Questionnaires covered needs related to crucial issues of adolescence, namely, relatedness and autonomy/individuation. Participants were 12- to 17-year-old boys and girls from intact families. Cross-cultural differences in ascribed importance of needs related to some aspects of relatedness and autonomy/individuation emerged. Cross-cultural similarities in ascribed importance of needs related to feelings of basic acceptance and need for self-understanding/development also emerged. Turkish adolescents perceived mothers as more instrumental for need satisfaction than did U.S. adolescents. Gender differences in importance ascribed to different needs also emerged. Cross-cultural differences were consistent with differences in predominant values and modal family dynamics of the respective countries.


HORTACSU, N; UNER, H (Informa UK Limited, 1993-12-01)
This study investigated relationships between measures of family background, sociometric nominations, perceptions of control, and academic achievement in a sample of Turkish children. The analyses indicated that sociometric measures explained a substantial amount of variation in academic achievement. Perceptions of control emerged as significant predictors of popularity, but not of rejection measures. Parental educational background emerged as a significant predictor of perceptions of control. Both parental...
A multigroup analysis of family climate and volunteering: The mediating role of parental conversations in emerging adulthood
Gönül, Buse; IŞIK BAŞ, HATİCE; Güneş, Seren (Informa UK Limited, 2020-07-01)
The current study aims to examine the predictive role of family climate (relatedness in family, cognitive cohesion, and intergenerational authority) in volunteering through conversations with parents in emerging adulthood while also considering the effects of gender. A total of 507 emerging adults reported their participation in volunteering, perceptions of family climate, and frequency of conversations with their parents about volunteering. Results of the structural equation modeling showed that even thoug...
HORTACSU, N (Informa UK Limited, 1994-06-01)
Data obtained by a questionnaire were analyzed to explore relationships between variables related to Turkish childrens academic performance. The results indicated that parents' education level, sociometric measures of insecure attachment, and social efficacy were significant predictors of grade point average. Parents' education also emerged as a significant predictor of insecure attachment and social efficacy. In addition, endorsement of secure and insecure attachment prototypes were significant predictors ...
Understanding the Gaps Between Turkish Teachers' Beliefs and Practices for Dealing With Preschoolers' Peer Relationship Problems
Sendil, Cagla Oneren; Erden, Feyza (Informa UK Limited, 2019-07-04)
Research Findings: This study explores the beliefs, self-reported practices, and observed practices of Turkish preschool teachers toward children's peer relationship problems as well as the gap between their beliefs and practices. Five female teachers of 5-year-old children were selected as participants for this multiple case study. Approximately 79 hr of observation was conducted on the children's daily routines and activities in a natural classroom environment, which specifically included the teachers' pr...
Perceived Functions of Family and Friends During Childhood, Adolescence, and Youth: Developmental Theories of Two Turkish Groups
Hortaçsu, Nuran; Gençöz, Tülin; Oral, Atiye (Wiley, 1995-01-01)
The present study compared Turkish University students' and middle-aged adults' developmental theories about the perceived importance of needs related to different life tasks and functionality of relationships with parents, same-sex siblings, and friends for need satisfaction during childhood, adolescence, and youth. A retrospective method was used. The following results emerged: (1) the importance of needs related to a search for identity and intimacy increased and the importance of those related to depend...
Citation Formats
N. Hortacsu, “Cross-cultural comparison of need importance and need satisfaction during adolescence: Turkey and the United States,” JOURNAL OF GENETIC PSYCHOLOGY, pp. 287–296, 1997, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: