Post disaster temporary houses : the production of place in the case of 1999 Marmara Earthquakes in Kocaeli

Baş, Sibel
This master thesis will be focusing on prefabricated temporary houses and settlements in Kocaeli – as a place-making process – throughout post disaster reconstruction period of 1999 Marmara Earthquakes. Main stimulant for this research is the lack of acknowledgement of transforming urban and social environments under the overwhelming forces of disasters both in academic and professional domains in the country. Appropriation and self-identification of temporary accommodation is a way of adaptation and a reaction to disruption caused by forced relocation due to disasters. Personalization process transforms the houses into homes, spaces into places. This transformation is to be analyzed within the framework of altering urban areas, disasters and adaptation processes of householders for the resumption of home. Case study will be based on temporary housing settlements – prefabricated houses – in city of Kocaeli. The aim of this work is to understand the effective forces operating during post disaster temporary housing periods, to improve reconstruction and planning processes with the information generated out of the research and to provide data for the policy-making authorities and academic field.


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The August 17, 1999 Kocaeli-Turkey Earthquake (Mw=7.4) caused severe damage to the structures and lifelines in the Marmara region. Soil liquefaction was identified as one of the major causes of this damage. The aim of this study is to determine geotechnical and earthquake engineering factors that contribute to the structural damage observed in Sakarya city after 1999 Kocaeli Earthquake. For this purpose, the results of an extensive field investigation program compiled by General Directorate of Disaster Affa...
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Deniz, Aykut; Yücemen, Mehmet Semih; Department of Civil Engineering (2006)
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Early morning at 03:15 on the 17th of August 1999, the devastating 45 second 7.4 Richter value Marmara earthquake took more than 18,000 lives in Western Turkey, the more developed industrial heartland of the country.1 The event left 300,000 dwelling units and more than 50,000 business premises in debris, forcing a population of nearly 600,000 to seek emergency shelter. A second traumatic incidence of similar magnitude took place a step further east on the same fault line, only three months later on the 12th...
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Yüksel, S. Bahadır; Atımtay, Ergin; Department of Civil Engineering (2003)
Shear-wall dominant multi-story reinforced concrete structures, constructed by using a special tunnel form technique are commonly built in countries facing a substantial seismic risk, such as Chile, Japan, Italy and Turkey. In 1999, two severe urban earthquakes struck Kocaeli and Düzce provinces in Turkey with magnitudes (Mw) 7.4 and 7.1, respectively. These catastrophes caused substantial structural damage, casualties and loss of lives. In the aftermath of these destructive earthquakes, neither demolished ...
Citation Formats
S. Baş, “Post disaster temporary houses : the production of place in the case of 1999 Marmara Earthquakes in Kocaeli,” M.Arch. - Master of Architecture, Middle East Technical University, 2011.